General Assembly Votes in Support of Stronger Recognition of European Union in UN In Debate Chaired by Ambassador Tanin
On 3 May, as acting President of the General Assembly, H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin chaired the 88th GA plenary meeting which included both agenda items â€œCulture of Peaceâ€ and â€œStrengthening the United Nations System.â€
After 8 months of debates on a stronger recognition of the European Union at the United Nations, draft resolution A/65/L.64/Rev.1 sponsored by the members of the European Union was adopted by the terms of the resolution with 180 in favour to none against, and 2 abstentions. This historic decision was made with the inclusion of oral amendments to the written proposal announced during the meeting and was met with several serious reservations by countries such as Nauru, Iran, and Zimbabwe who expressed concern about the significance of such a resolution. In the end, the European Union was able to garner the overwhelming support of Member States in order to adopt the resolution.
â€œThe resolution will in the future enable EU representatives to present and promote the EUâ€™s positions in the UN as agreed by its Member Statesâ€ and will further â€œtake account of the institutional changes brought by the Lisbon Treaty,â€ as EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton stated.
Subsequent to the adoption of the resolution, the EU and its Member States are able to be inscribed on the list of speakers among representatives of major groups as well as be invited to participate in the Assemblyâ€™s general debates.Â In accordance with the rules of procedures of the GA, the EU now has the right to raise points of order and can exercise the right of reply â€œregarding positions of the European Union.â€
The resolution was welcomed by a number of delegates from regional groups.
The Assembly Secretary reported that under operative paragraph 2 of the resolution, additional financial requirements amounting to $10,000 would be required for the installation of the necessary delegate units.
The meeting also included the adoption of the draft resolution A/65/L75 in which delegates in the General Assembly designated 30 July as the International Day of Friendship as a part of the agenda item â€œCulture of Peace.â€
UN Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict in Afghanistan meeting 2nd May 2011
The UN Security Councilâ€™s Working Group on Children in Armed Conflict met on the 2nd of May 2011 to present the draft conclusions on Children and armed conflict in Afghanistan. The meeting followed the report of The Special Representative of Secretary-General for the Children and Armed Conflict on Afghanistan which was released on the 25th of February 2011. The draft conclusion was the product of several rounds of consultations with the working group and representatives of Afghanistan.
The draft conclusion highlighted the situation in Afghanistan and, â€œexpressed grave concern about the persistence of widespread violations and abuses committed against children in the context of armed conflict in Afghanistanâ€. The report noted the reservations of the Afghan government over the term â€œall parties to the conflictâ€ used in the Secretary-Generalâ€™s report which unjustly placed the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) alongside terrorist and insurgent groups who are responsible for committing violations and abuses against children. The report further made several recommendations to the government of Afghanistan, the Secretary-General, the Security Council, the International Security Assistance Force as well as the World Bank and other donors on measures which need to be implemented in Afghanistan to better protect children in the context of armed conflict.
In a statement to the working group His Excellency Ambassador Tanin expressed sincere gratitude for the efforts of the working group, in particular that of Ms. Coomaraswamy for promoting the rights of Afghan children. He highlighted the implementation of the Action Plan by the Afghan Government and the UN Country Task Force on monitoring and reporting regarding Children Associated with National Security Forces in Afghanistan as one example of progress being made in the country.
Ambassador Tanin also shed light on several key issues such as detention of children and the reported systemic sexual abuse of young boys. He stated, â€œwhile the tragedy of sexual abuse is not limited to Afghanistan, in our country it is the unfortunate effect of protracted absence of law enforcement institutionsâ€. Alongside this, Dr. Tanin highlighted the ratification of several declarations, passing of new laws and other measures as examples of the Afghan governmentâ€™s commitment to the pursuit of protection of children in armed conflict.
The draft conclusion on Children and armed conflict in Afghanistan was adopted with no objections.