Saturday, October 10, 2015

Statement by H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations At the Sixth Committee on Agenda Item 109: “Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism.”

Mr. Chairman,

I begin my congratulating you and the members of the Bureau on your elections, and assuming the Chairmanship of the Sixth Committee. We are convinced that you and your team will steer the work of the Committee successfully. And we assure you of our full support and cooperation.

We also thank the Secretary General for his comprehensive report, outlining recent national and international efforts in the fight against terrorism; and the Chairman of the Ad-Hoc Committee, established pursuant to GA resolution 51/210, on the work of its 15th Session.

Mr. Chairman,

Less than a month ago, the United Nations General Assembly observed the 10th Anniversary of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The event was a grim reminder of the loss of life of men, women and children of distinct backgrounds and nationalities on that dark day in history.

The horrific attacks of September the 11th culminated in a robust international partnership to help rid Afghanistan from terrorists and extremists; and to defeat terrorism effectively and resolutely, wherever it existed.  Ten years on, with support from our international partners, the Afghanistan of today is different than that of a decade ago.  The collapse of the tyrannical Taliban regime, supported by their Al-Qaeda allies and other associates, gave way to successive democratic elections, in which Afghans from all walks of life exercised their right to self-determination. We have registered important progress in all spheres of society, social, political and economic, included.  And with the start of Transition in July of this year, we are now on the path towards Afghan ownership and leadership.

Nevertheless, Mr. Chairman, despite our achievements, terrorism has not gone away from the lives of our people. Terrorists are still bent on preventing peace and stability to take root.  The past months have seen a rise in the level of violence; terrorists continue to kill and maim ours school children; our security forces; our tribal and religious elders; our international partners; and our patriotic national figures.

Early this month, the world heard the tragic news of the assassination of Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani, Chairman of the Afghan High Peace Council (HPC), who was killed in a cowardly suicide attack that was planned and orchestrated from outside Afghanistan.

Mr. Chairman,

In the context of a viable solution to the problem of terrorism, we echo, yet again, our long-standing position that the terrorism which has engulfed Afghanistan and our region will not go away without eliminating sanctuaries and safe-havens that are, in fact, the umbilical cord from which the forces of evil are feed and nurtured.

In this connection, it is essential that countries comply with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council, calling on States to prevent their territories to be utilized for the planning or preparation of terrorist acts. These include the Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism, adopted by UNGA resolution 49/60; as well as SC resolution 1373 of (2001).

Mr. Chairman,

Terrorism has proven its reach across borders and continents, affecting peoples of all nationalities, religions and backgrounds. This is evident by acts of terror committed around the world, including my own country Afghanistan, as well as Nigeria, Indonesia, India, Norway and Russia. And it remains crystal clear that a successful fight against terrorism requires a concerted and robust effort, characterized by effective regional and international cooperation.

In this respect, we underscore enhanced measures to implement the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy of September 2006, which remains the overall strategic and operational international framework for combating terrorism.
Further, we in Afghanistan attach great importance to the work of counter-terrorism committees, established pursuant to Security Council Resolutions 1267, 1988, 1989, 1373 and 1540 in combating terrorism.  As an active participant in counter-terrorism cooperation, we have submitted our national reports on the implementation of relevant SC resolutions, including resolution 1373.  In the same vein, we acknowledge with appreciation the important work being done by the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) and Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (CTED).

As a country which remains forefront in the fight against terrorism, Afghanistan is ever more resilient in our resolve to help defeat this scourge in all its forms and manifestations.   We are party to 13 international conventions and protocols dealing with terrorism; and we remain fully committed to meeting our obligations under these conventions.

Afghanistan welcomes the successful outcome of the Symposium on Combating International Terrorism, which took place on the 19th of September, at the initiative of the UN Secretary General.

Mr. Chairman,

We are convinced that the signing of the agreement between the United Nations and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the creation of an International Center for Countering Terrorism will go a long way in helping to consolidate cooperation and building capacity of in relevant State institutions and agencies dealing with terrorism. We look forward to seeing the new center become operational in the near future.

Furthermore, we believe it is of paramount importance to conclude the Comprehensive Convention for Combating International Terrorism. While commending the work of the Ad Hoc Committee established by GA Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996, we join other speakers in stressing increased cooperation to resolve the outstanding issues.

Afghanistan further underscores the importance of convening a High-level Conference on countering terrorism, under the auspices of the United Nations.  Such an initiative will help formulate a joint and effective response to the global fight against terrorism.

In conclusion, I wish to reiterate our steadfast commitment to undertake all necessary measures to defeat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, and to achieve international peace and security.

I Thank You.

Statement of H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Group of G 77 and China Meeting of Foreign Ministers Delivered by Mr. A. Zahir Faqiri Deputy Permanent Representative

Statement of H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul, Minister of Foreign Affairs of

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Group of G 77 and China

Meeting of Foreign Ministers Delivered by Mr. A. Zahir Faqiri  Deputy Permanent Representative

Mr Chairman,

At the outset, let me convey, on behalf of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, our sincere appreciation to the Republic of Argentina for its successful leadership of the Group of 77 and China.

Mr Chairman, your wise leadership at a time when the world is facing many challenges has helped us stand united, and expand and strengthen cooperation among members of our Group.

Last year, the world’s leaders reviewed the achievements and challenges of the MDGs at the 2010 MDG Summit and endorsed its outcome document. However, many developing countries still face enormous challenges on the road towards achieving the MDGs.

We believe that our strengthened collaboration, growing trade and transit, and unity in striving for a common cause is the best formula for our success and for achieving peace and prosperity for our nations and peoples. Promoting trade and investment among G77 member countries is an effective way to mitigate the negative impact of international financial crises and shocks. In that vein, we recognise both the necessity and potential of North-South collaboration, as well as cooperation between countries of the South. Furthermore, through such cooperation with each other and the rest of the world and with pro-poor socio-economic policies, we can both combat the challenge of climate change and work towards poverty alleviation.

Mr Chairman,

Afghanistan, like the rest of the Group, is deeply concerned over the multiple global crises, including widespread poverty, climate change, financial troubles, and the threat of terrorism, volatile energy prices, and food shortages. All of these challenges have had substantial negative impacts on our progress towards achieving the MDGs.

In a globalised world, we cannot and should not isolate ourselves from international financial markets and the rest of the world. However, it is only prudent for us to adopt policies to free ourselves from total dependence on and vulnerability to the shocks of the international market.

Strong and sustained growth is critical for developing countries to meet their internationally-agreed development goals, including the MDGs. My delegation fully agrees with the G77 that economic and social development is the central objective of the United Nations, which remains the only legitimate fully-global body that could address the need for sustainable and socially-equitable development.

Addressing the multiple challenges of economic crises, climate change, and food security, is ultimately and above all our own responsibility. It will require our constant efforts, careful governance, and just yet practical social and development policies. Accomplishing these vital tasks cannot and will not be possible, however, without sufficient resources.

In order to effectively respond to the ongoing challenges, Afghanistan calls on developed countries to demonstrate greater flexibility and political will to meet and scale up their Official Development Assistance (ODA) commitments to developing countries, particularly LDCs and post-conflict countries.

My delegation also emphasises the importance of regional and international cooperation to address challenges like food security and agricultural development, as integral parts of the international development agenda.

Mr Chairman,

Afghanistan’s delegation actively participated in the drafting of the political declaration of the High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. We fully support the stand of the G77 in favour of strengthened international cooperation in the area of public health, to promote access to comprehensive and cost-effective prevention, treatment and care for the integrated management of NCDs, including improved access to affordable, safe, effective and high-quality medicines and diagnostic and other technologies.

Mr Chairman,

We also strongly endorse the position of the G77 and China that ODA must be increased in order to achieve national development objectives, including the MDGs. It is also important that donors take into consideration the principle of ownership of recipient countries, reducing the allocation of ODA outside of government systems and instead channelling more funds through core budgets and transparent trust funds. We believe it is also important that donors’ reporting mechanisms be improved. We consider a lack of donor coordination, a lack of transparency and data sharing, and the unpredictability of aid to be among the challenges that must be addressed.

Mr Chairman,

Afghanistan supports the stand of the G77 and China on major international issues and believes that the G77 can play an important role in the framework of the United Nations, towards achieving peace and security in the world and to pave the way for sustainable economic and social development for all.

Before closing, let me take this opportunity to congratulate our brother country Algeria for being elected Chair of the G77 and China. We are confident that in pursuing a development agenda in 2012, Algeria will be steering our Group in accordance with the principles of inclusiveness and transparency, further strengthening the unity of the G77 and China.

Thank you.

Afghanistan and the International Community Discuss Reintegration After Afghan Leader’s Assassination

On 22 September, The Working Group on Reintegration, established under the International Contact Group (ICG) met in New York in the margins of the United Nations General Assembly week. The meeting was chaired by Afghan Ambassador Dr Tanin and co-chaired by UK SRAP Sedwill and Japanese SRAP Yamamoto. Representatives from 19 countries and of the UN and OIC participated in the session.

The group held one minute’s silence to commemorate the life of Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani, the Chairman of the Afghanistan Peace Council, and the valuable contribution that he had made to the pursuit of peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan. The group condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack which had resulted in his death. The group expressed their deep sympathy and sincere condolences to the victims and to their families, as well as to the people and Government of Afghanistan. The group also extended their support and best wishes for a speedy recovery to Mr Stanekzai, the Head of the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme, who was injured in the attack.

The group reaffirmed their commitment to work together in support of the goals for which Professor Rabbani had worked tirelessly. The important work of the High Peace Council in helping bring peace and reconciliation to Afghanistan will continue. Desperate acts of terrorism will not stop the Afghan people from working towards a peaceful future. At this time, it is important that all of Afghanistan’s leaders stand together in solidarity in the face of such attacks and demonstrate their resolve to work in support of peace, reconciliation and national unity. The group reaffirmed their commitment to the Afghan government’s programmes to reintegrate all those insurgents who are verifiably willing to renounce violence and terrorism and respect the Afghan Constitution, noting the need to support to their families in order to facilitate this.

The group welcomed the progress in the first year of APRP in reintegrating insurgents under the leadership of the High Peace Council and the Government of Afghanistan, noting the importance of political outreach and conflict resolution to extending the impact of the programme throughout the country and to resolving the plight of refugees. The group underlined the importance of close coordination between local civilian officials, the local security forces and PRTs. The group emphasized the need to secure sustainable and flexible funding for the programme.

The Afghan Government and the ICG Working Group welcomed the OIC’s initiative to convene a conference of ulema (religious scholars), as Professor Rabbani had supported. The group highlighted the importance of discussing all these issues further at the Istanbul, Astana and Bonn Conferences, and renewed their commitments to the reintegration process and the long-term stability and development of Afghanistan.