Saturday, February 6, 2016

UN Debates PeaceBuilding: Afghan Ambassador Calls for National Ownership, End to Taliban Violence

On January 21st, the United Nations Security Council debated post-conflict peace-building and Institution building. After opening remarks by the Secretary General, the Vice Prime Minister of Timor Leste, Jose Luis Guterres, spoke on behalf of G7+, a new group of conflict affected and fragile states, providing a unique perspective on the subject.  Ambassador Peter Wittig of Germany then addressed the Council as chair of the Peacebuilding Commission.

Security Council Meeting: Open debate on Post-Conflict peacebuilding.

Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, expressed the need for institution building as an essential component for lasting peace in Afghanistan.  He reminded that in the “ubiquitous debate on the current situation in Afghanistan, it is easy to overlook the thirty years of conflict that Afghanistan has overcome.”  While Afghanistan was thought of as the most failed state in the world in 2001, it has made significant progress toward stabilization considering its context, he said.

Afghanistan’s reintegration and reconciliation process was highlighted in Ambassador Tanin’s statement.  He invited members of the armed opposition to put down their arms, renounce violence, and join the peace process.  He addressed the Taliban directly, “Now that we have come halfway, it is the Taliban’s turn to fulfill its responsibility. If the Taliban wants to join the peace talks, it must end violence and terrorist attacks…and sever ties with Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups.”

In keeping with a common theme emphasized by most member states in this debate, national ownership was underscored as vital for sustainable peace in Afghanistan.

Video of Security Council Meeting: Post-conflict peacebuilding

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Security Council Meeting: Post-conflict peacebuilding



Security Council Debate on The Situation in Afghanistan

Statement By H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

at the Security Council Debate on The Situation in Afghanistan

New York

Madame President,

Excellencies,

Ladies and gentlemen,

First please allow me to congratulate you on your Presidency of the Council for the month of December. I would like to also thank the Secretary General for his most recent report, and Special Representative Staffan De Mistura for his informative briefing and dedicated leadership of UNAMA.

Madame President,

We have arrived at the end of an eventful and historic year in Afghanistan. The year began with the London Conference, followed by the Peace Jirga, Kabul Conference, the second parliamentary elections and NATO Summit in Lisbon. This year, while we have made momentous strides towards defining and strengthening our relationship with international partners, we sought to re-engage the Afghan people in all efforts to bring peace and security to our country, enhance collaboration with regional partners and reach out to the armed opposition.

Madame President,

The Lisbon Summit was a milestone towards reassuring an enduring partnership between Afghanistan and NATO. Among the key outcomes of the conference, we adopted the framework of transition to greater Afghan leadership over the next four years, through a province by province approach.  High level mechanisms which include key national and international stakeholders have been established to oversee the transition process.  The new year will mark the launch of the transition process.  Practical preparations are underway to that end. The commitment of our international partners to sustained and expedited recruitment, training and resourcing of the Afghan national army and police, will constitute a key component of their redefined mission.

The Lisbon Summit sent three key messages: first – a message to the Afghan people that the international community will not leave Afghanistan and will remain engaged with the Afghan people for the long haul; second – a message to terrorists and extremists that they will fail in their efforts to take Afghanistan back to the days of tyranny and oppression; and third – a message for the region that cooperation is vital; our neighbors have a role and a stake in the security and the stability of Afghanistan.

Madame President,

Improving security, which remains a top priority of the Afghan government, has been a key focus of the Afghan and ISAF forces. Despite isolated incidents of attacks and suicide bombings by the Taliban and other extremists, overall security has improved. The latest assessments show that the ISAF and Afghan forces for the first time in the last two years have begun to regain the military initiative.  This is particularly the case in southern provinces which once saw high levels of insecurity. The zone of security has expanded, with Afghan security forces exerting greater presence and control in areas previously held by enemy combatants.

Such success has a direct effect on public perception. In the Afghan villages, specifically in the south, people acknowledge the progress being made, and have begun to engage with local authorities and the Afghan and international forces. Consolidating the support of the local populace is vital for a successful international engagement in Afghanistan. In this context, emphasis must continue to be placed on ensuring basic services for Afghans as well as avoiding civilian casualties during military operations. We welcome increased measures of coordination among international forces and the review of tactics in order to prevent harm to local communities.

Madame President,

It is now clear to all that an end to the sanctuaries in the region is crucial to the success of the international campaign to stabilize the region and eliminate the threat of terrorism. We cannot underestimate the need to address sanctuaries and safe-havens in the region which operate as the “command and control headquarters” for terrorists and extremists. Without progress on this front, all our efforts will go in vain.

Madame President,

Our recent parliamentary elections, the second since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, reaffirmed the commitment of the Afghan people to the democratic process.  Millions of Afghans braved security threats and cast their votes to elect members of the National Assembly.  Nobody expected a perfect election process. The circumstances under which the elections took place gave way to irregularities including the closing of polling stations and the discounting of many votes by election bodies.  As it has been announced, the new parliament will be inaugurated in late January.

Madame President,

The Afghan government continues to focus on enhancing our relationships with our neighbors in the region.  Effective regional cooperation is indispensable for solving the many challenges facing Afghanistan and countries in the region. We maintain high level communications with the government of Pakistan for wider cooperation in the fight against terrorism and for promoting peace, stability and economic development in both our countries.

We continue to strengthen cooperation with all neighbors in the region.  Afghanistan holds a unique standing, in which it is increasingly positioned to serve as an economic hub or an Asian Roundabout in the greater region.

A historical event occurred on the 11th of December in Ashqabat during the summit meeting of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India (TAPI) with the signing of the important agreements for the implementation of the gas pipeline project. The summit was a key step for the realization of the regional framework of cooperation in providing energy and energy security.

Madame President,

With the beginning of the transition process, reintegration and reconciliation will be pursued as a matter of high priority in Afghanistan. In fact, reconciliation is becoming an essential political dimension of the transition strategy.  For reconciliation to work, the Taliban must be ready to engage sincerely in peace talks; but for reconciliation to succeed, the Taliban must put down their arms, renounce violence and choose the path of peace. Success lies in maintaining our key asset, Afghan leadership and ownership of the reconciliation process.  There is also a role for others – the International Community, the region, and the United Nations- to support the Afghan government to succeed in its reconciliation efforts.

Madame President,

The Afghan government has worked diligently toward implementing our goals in security, development, and governance. Recent progress in all three of these areas is outlined in the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB)’s Progress Report on the Afghanistan National Development Strategy,  released in November.

The results overall were highly encouraging, particularly in the areas of governance, national transparency and accountability. In the first 100 days since the Kabul Conference, 95% of planned activities were completed for creating an efficient and effective government, including recruitment of 24 new district governors and the drafting of new anti-corruption laws. The Afghan government will continue to pursue effective and timely implementation of all national priority strategies.  In this regard, we are monitoring progress and challenges in relation to all programs through the recently established monitoring mechanism.

Madame President,

The most important assessment of the situation in Afghanistan comes from Afghans themselves. Public opinion in Afghanistan, according to recent surveys, reflects that the majority of Afghans continue to positively assess their government, support national reconciliation efforts, and most importantly, they share the perspective that the country is heading in the right direction.

Madame President,

As transition begins, there are clear roles for both the Afghan government and for the International Community. In the four years ahead, the measure of success will be determined by the strength of the partnership of the international community and Afghanistan.  The focus of this partnership must be on building the Afghan government’s capacity to take responsibility.  The transition process goes far beyond the training of Afghan security forces; our partnership must actively address not only security, but development and governance.

Madame President,

A stable and prosperous Afghanistan requires unity of understanding, unity of efforts, and unity of action.  And I assure you that we will spare no effort to do our part.

I thank you.

Successful Transition to Afghan Leadership Through a Comprehensive Approach


The Situation in Afghanistan Reviewed at Japan’s Symposium on Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding

This week Japan hosted a Public Symposium entitled, “A better path to peace: dynamic collaboration between Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding.” The event was opened by Japanese Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr. Seiji Maehara, followed by keynote speaker, the President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency, Ms. Sadako Ogata,

As a part of the review panel of the United Nations discussions on peacekeeping and peacebuilding H.E. Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations, spoke on a panel with Mr. Alain Le Roy, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, and Mr. Baso Sangqu, Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations.  Ambassador Tanin delivered a statement about peacebuilding in Afghanistan.  He pointed out that in post-conflict societies, peacekeeping, humanitarian aid, and reconstruction are crucial for preventing relapse.  The collaboration between NATO and the UN in Afghanistan is unique in that it is one of only two NATO missions mandated by the UN Security Council.

Ambassador Tanin defined two phases of peacebuilding in Afghanistan, first from 2001-2006 under the Bonn Agreement, and from 2006-2010 under the London Compact.  While progress made through these two events was tremendous, Ambassador Tanin acknowledged that important opportunities to eliminate terrorism, properly resource and reinforce efforts, and empower Afghans “to shoulder the responsibility of their own destinies” were missed.

The Kabul Conference in January 2010 crafted the Kabul Process, which Ambassador Tanin describes, serves as the basis of “change through transition to full responsibility and leadership of the Afghan government.”  He went on to explain that the process formed a compact between the Afghan government, Afghan people, and international community.

Ambassador Tanin stressed the need for a comprehensive, state-building approach for future stabilization efforts.  Beyond military strategies, he explains, “the peace process necessitates national reconciliation, outreach to the people, and sustainable partnerships with the region and international community.”  He expressed that the recent NATO summit in Lisbon have solidified the Afghan government’s commitment to Afghan forces assuming full responsibility of national security by 2014. Through its new Strategic Concept adopted in Lisbon, NATO has affirmed its commitment to Afghanistan as well as collective security. With the support of NATO and the international community, Ambassador Tanin expressed the belief that a “gradual transition to Afghan leadership will be realized sooner than later.”

Throughout the symposium, Ambassador Tanin met with members of the Foreign Ministry and key Japanese Foreign Policy leaders including Mr. Nobukatsu Kanehara, Deputy Director General for Foreign Policies, Mr. Tadamichi Yamamoto, head of Afghanistan and Pakistan Assistance Coordination, and H.E. Mr. Shinichi Kitaoka, former Japanese Ambassador to the United Nations.  He also met with Mr. Koki Tsuruoka, Deputy Vice Minister for Foreign Policy, Mr. Koro Bessho, Deputy Foreign Minister, and Mr. Kenzo Oshima Deputy Director General of  the Japan International Cooperation Agency.