Thursday, April 24, 2014

Statement by H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan At the General Debate of the 68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly

27 September 2013
New York

Bismillah arrahman arrahim!

 

Your Excellency Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-moon,

 

Your Excellency President of the General Assembly Mr. John Ashe,

 

Fellow Heads of Delegation,

 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

 

I bring you all the warm greetings and good wishes of the Afghan people.

 

I have the honour of addressing this august assembly in the last year of the current elected government of Afghanistan, so I think it’s useful to briefly revisit the story of Afghanistan over the past twelve years – our historic successes and our concrete achievements that have transformed Afghanistan, and, yes, the challenges that we’ve faced continuously during this time. Following on that, I’d like to share with you the vision of the Afghan people and government for the future of freedom, dignity, prosperity and democracy that we’re striving to solidify in our country, and briefly address the critical importance of our relations and cooperation with countries in our region and the broader community of nations.

 

To better illustrate the journey that Afghanistan and its noble people have been on over the past twelve years, I’d like to share two contrasting pictures of the reality of Afghanistan, in the year 2001 at the time of the collapse of the Taliban regime and the year 2013 as we’re going through a historic period and process of transition.

 

During the little more than two decades up to November 2001 when the Afghan people ousted the Taliban regime from power with military backing from the US-led international military coalition, the people of Afghanistan had experienced and suffered incalculable pain, deprivation and losses through three distinct periods.

 

Between the communist coup in 1978 and the subsequent invasion of our country in 1979 and the fall of the communist regime, more than one million Afghan men, women and children were killed, more than two million were made orphans or left with severe war wounds and over five million were forced out of their villages and towns into refugee camps in neighbouring countries, mainly Pakistan and Iran, as a result of the brutality of the occupation and the communist regime and during our resistance against the occupation of our country. We fought that resistance – our holy jehad – for our freedom and independence and we won, in the process helping the national freedom and independence movements in Eastern Europe.

The international community that had supported our struggle for several years abandoned us when the defeat and withdrawal of the Red Army became apparent.

 

Exploiting the vacuum and internal strife created during the early 1990s, the foreign-backed Taliban movement rose to power The Taliban quickly controlled more than ninety percent of Afghan territory, but then equally quickly they removed their masks and revealed their true identity that held the Afghan nation hostage and unleashed a period of particularly cruel and barbaric violence and cruelty against them under the guise of Islam. Through their backward worldview, sheer violence and brutal suppression of the rights and freedoms of the Afghan people, especially women, they turned the country against themselves.

 

The international community was only mobilized to take action against the Taliban regime in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States, including in this city.

 

At the time we were getting ready to drive the Taliban regime from power at the end of 2001 with military backing from the US-led international coalition, Afghanistan was in near-total dark isolation from the region and the world community. The Afghan people represented a terrorized population who had no rights, no freedoms and no protection from regime brutality.

Severe poverty and disease were endemic with little or no access to healthcare services. The education system, completely excluding women and girls, and with fewer than half a million male students attending schools and universities, was a catastrophic failure. The average annual per capita income was about $100 and the country lacked a single national currency. Our roads, bridges, irrigation networks and other components of critical national infrastructure were completely destroyed. Afghanistan did not have a national army or a national police force and all our other state institutions had been reduced to rubble. In short, Afghanistan was a failed state ruled by a proxy militant group that provided shelter to international terrorists, thus posing a real danger to regional and international peace and security.

 

Mr. President,

 

The situation in Afghanistan during that period was indeed bleak. The Afghan people had little hope for their future and the future of their youth and children.

 

However, following the Al Qaida terrorist attacks in the United States, the Afghan people came together and with support from the United States and a multitude of other friends and allies in the international community, removed the Taliban from power and embarked on a new era of hope, reconstruction, development and progress, a new era marked by an entirely different reality.

 

Primarily as a result of our own sacrifices and the considerable sacrifices and support of our international friends and allies during our twelve-year partnership, Afghanistan once again the home of all Afghans – men and women – where they enjoy equal rights and freedoms under our moderate, democratic constitution.

 

Today, Afghanistan is a forward-looking young democracy with functioning state institutions, an elected president, an elected parliament and elected provincial councils in each one of our 34 provinces, backed up by a powerful civil society movement. Afghan independent media – with around 50 independent TV channels, over 100 community FM radio stations and hundreds of print publications – is arguably one of the freest in the region.

Today, there are more than 20 million mobile phone users across Afghanistan, an increasing number of them accessing information and using various platforms on the internet.

 

Per capita income has increased from $100 a year to over $600 a year, our national currency has been consistently stable, and our trade ties with the outside world are rapidly expanding.

 

Today, in this new Afghanistan, the number of children that attend school stands at well over ten million, 40 percent of them girls, and there are hundreds of thousands of young men and women attending some 70 government and private colleges and universities.

 

More than seventy percent of our people today have access to basic healthcare services, which, among other things, has increased average life expectancy from around 40 years to above 60 years in just one decade.

 

We have built thousands of kilometers of roads, irrigation canals, bridges, and other pieces of our country’s critical physical infrastructure, thus cutting travel times and facilitating trade and the movement of people through the country and with neighbouring countries.

 

Afghanistan today is a proud and active member of the international community while managing our ever-expanding relations and cooperation with countries and organizations around the world through a network of some seventy diplomatic and consular missions.

 

Mr. President,

 

The examples of rejuvenation and development, progress and achievements that I just described represent the true picture of the reality in today’s Afghanistan. And considering that twelve years is not a very long time in the history of a country, especially a country like Afghanistan that has gone through more than 35 years of war and destruction, these achievements and gains are nothing short of a historic transformation.

 

 

Mr. President,

 

I have drawn this clear contrast between the Afghanistan of ten years ago and the positive reality of today for two main reasons. One, to underscore a model of collective action and international cooperation in support of national efforts for peace, security and development in a country, and, two, to counter a narrative of doom and gloom for Afghanistan by those who are ignorant about our progress or harbour ill will towards us.

 

Indeed, this new Afghanistan is currently going through a critical period of security, economic and political transition that comes with its difficulties and challenges but that is helping us consolidate our fledgling democratic order and strengthen our national sovereignty, independence and ownership of our own affairs.

 

This is the vision of the Afghan people and government for the years leading up to the completion of transition in 2014 and into the Transformation Decade of 2015 to 2024.

 

In the security area, it is our more than 350000 brave and professional soldiers and police officers – not foreign soldiers – who are directly responsible for the security of more than ninety percent of the Afghan population. The transfer of security responsibilities from international forces to Afghan national security forces, which we launched in the summer of 2011, throughout the country will be complete by the end of 2014. Our forces have demonstrated their courage, commitment and effectiveness in successfully taking over from their international partners. It is through the enormous and selfless sacrifices of our proud and patriotic national security forces on a daily basis that security in most cities and towns that have gone through transition has improved, and the Taliban have been beaten back.

 

We are fully confident that with the continued financial assistance of the international community for equipment and other requirements and needs as pledged at the Chicago NATO Summit in May 2012, Afghan national forces will be able to provide security to the Afghan people and defend the country against external threats.

 

Parallel to our ongoing efforts to enhance the capacity and capabilities of our national security forces, the Afghan government is pursuing a political process of peace and reconciliation with the Taliban. The key principles and conditions for this process are clear: respect for Afghanistan’s constitution, which guarantees full and equal rights to Afghan men and women, preservation and improvement of our achievements over the past decade and renunciation of violence against the population.

 

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a major neighbour, can play a key role in supporting our peace efforts. We’ve been heartened by the recent successful visit to Islamabad by President Karzai and the positive and constructive dialogue that took place between the two governments during that visit. We look forward to further steps and progress in the weeks and months to come.

Pakistan’s essential role in advancing the Afghan peace process is a clear example of the support that Afghanistan’s neighbours and other countries in the region, especially Muslim countries, can provide to the Afghan peace process.

Mr. President,

As far as the economic component of transition is concerned, the presence of a large international military force over the past ten years has generated employment and income opportunities for thousands of our citizens, so it is natural that there will be an adverse impact resulting from the withdrawal of these forces.

In addition to our best efforts to realize Afghanistan’s role as the trade, transit and economic integration roundabout in the Heart of Asia region to the benefit of all the peoples of the region, the Afghan government is keen to reduce the negative economic impact of international military withdrawal and to strengthen our national economy in at least three ways.

 

First, by focusing on the development of the agriculture and agribusiness sector where over 70 percent of our population is directly or indirectly engaged, and where there is enormous potential for growth and employment generation.

 

Second, Afghanistan is estimated to hold trillions of dollars of natural resources, including minerals and hydrocarbons, representing a guaranteed source of wealth and income for generations to come.

 

We already have several state-owned and private companies – from China, India, the UK, Canada, Turkey, the UAE and other countries in addition to Afghan companies – expressing a keen interest in investing billions of dollars in copper, iron ore, gold, oil and gas. And we’re actively seeking additional foreign investments into this sector while remaining duly diligent to make sure our natural riches serve the goal of a strong legitimate national economy and improved prosperity and welfare for the Afghan people.

 

Third, the Tokyo conference last July pledged over $16 billion through 2015 to help the Afghan government fill its projected fiscal gap. Conference participants also committed to provide additional financial assistance to Afghanistan beyond 2016 at or near levels of the past decade. This generous financial support will be critical in tiding us over during the next few years.

 

Mr. President,

 

In addition to the security and economic transitions, we have a crucial political transition coming up next year, namely presidential and provincial council elections.

Next year’s presidential elections will mark the first time in our country’s history when one elected president will transfer power to another elected president through a peaceful, democratic process. The Afghan government is doing everything possible to ensure free, fair and credible elections so that the Afghan people can choose who the next president will be. A successful presidential election will entrench our democratic process and greatly contribute to our efforts towards lasting peace, security and prosperity.

 

Mr. President,

 

As we go forward in implementing the transition agenda and preparing for the Transformation Decade, another key foundation of our long-term success will be the strategic partnerships we have forged with some of our closest friends and allies over the past few years.

Since October 2011 when we signed our first long-term strategic partnership agreement with the Republic of India, we have entered into similar long-term strategic partnerships with the United States, Germany, Australia, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Norway, Finland, Denmark and Poland. We’ve also concluded or are currently negotiating similar partnerships with the European Union, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.

 

Here, I would also like to repeat the Afghan government and people’s appreciation for the solid and broad-based expression of long-term political support for a peaceful, prosperous, democratic Afghanistan by more than 100 countries and organizations at the historic international Bonn conference kindly hosted by the German government in December 2011.

Specifically with the United States, we are also negotiating a separate Bilateral Security Agreement that will define the parameters of the long-term security and defense cooperation between our two countries.

 

I would also like to reiterate our long-standing principled position that any bilateral security agreements Afghanistan signs with other countries, including the United States, will only be for the purpose of ensuring peace, security, development and the consolidation of our young democracy and not directed at our neighbours or any other country in the region.

 

Mr. President,

 

Afghanistan belongs to its region. And as recent history has clearly demonstrated the peace, security and stability of Afghanistan as the centre of the Heart of Asia region has a direct impact on the peace, security and stability of the entire region and vice versa. We want Afghanistan to serve its rightful role as the key land bridge in our vital region for the flow of people, goods and investments.

In this context, the Istanbul Process that we launched together with our Turkish friends and all other participating and supporting states of the process in November 2011 for confidence building and promoting result-oriented cooperation is vital importance.

Two follow-on ministerial meetings – in Kabul in June 2012 and in Almaty in April this year – have taken the process to the level of maturity. It has now developed into a meaningful forum for discussion on specific confidence building measures and enjoys considerable momentum. As the permanent co-chair of this process, the Afghan government is particularly grateful to the Peoples Republic of China for hosting the next ministerial meeting next summer.

Mr. President,

In addition to improving cooperation and confidence on a whole range of other issues, all countries in our region and our allies and friends in the international community must continue to decisively confront the single biggest challenge that continues to endanger our collective peace and security and undermines the welfare of our people, namely the continuing menace of terrorism and extremism and their sanctuaries and support systems in the region.

We will not realize the full potential of our citizens or achieve true and lasting peace and security in Afghanistan or the wider region until we’ve dealt decisively against the brutality and evilness of the terrorists who try to harm us everyday. Fortunately, we’re more hopeful now than in the past about a gathering common approach against terrorism and extremism in our region.

Mr. President,

This year’s general assembly takes place at a time in which the UN has seen a number of conflicts continue, while new ones have taken shape.

 

In Syria, we watch the ongoing immeasurable suffering of the great people of that country. Afghanistan calls for an immediate halt to the violence there that has taken the lives of over a hundred thousand people, has forced over 2 million Syrians to become refugees; and has left 6.8 million people in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. We strongly support a political solution, reached through a broad-based national dialogue that meets the aspirations of all Syrians. Moreover, the international community must provide necessary support to address the humanitarian needs of those affected by the conflict, including the millions who have sought refuge in neighboring countries.

 

Speaking of long-standing conflicts, none is more evident than the decades-long strife between Palestine and Israel. Following years of deadlock and impasse, we see renewed efforts for a peaceful settlement have emerged with the resumption of direct negotiations between the two-sides. This is an important development, which we hope will result in durable peace, enabled by the establishment of an independent Palestinian State. We also hope to witness the inclusion of the State of Palestine as a full member of this organization.

 

Mr. President,

 

In conclusion, Mr. President, as I stand before this assembly, I feel more strongly than ever before that our shared vision of a world free from violence, conflict and destitution will only be achieved if we put our differences aside, and act as one. If we adhere to the principles of understanding, solidarity and cooperation, we will be able to secure our collective future, as evidenced in the historic successes we have achieved in Afghanistan over the past twelve years.

 

The UN has been a reliable partner in helping us come this far. As we prepare to embark upon the Transformation Decade, we expect the organization to continue its support through a renewed approach that reinforces Afghanistan’s leadership and ownership.

 

Let me also assure you, Mr. President, that as we in Afghanistan work to preserve our gains and consolidate our young democracy in the crucial years ahead, we will remain an active member of the United Nations.

 

Thank you.

Speech of His Excellency Dr. Zalmai Rassoul, Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan at the Asia Society

Your Excellency Mr. Tom Nagorski,

Your Excellency Mr. Tom Freston,

Your Excellency Mr. John Hockenberry, host of National Public Radio’s morning program The Takeaway,

Dear Friends, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I want to start off by expressing my profound thanks and appreciation to Mr. Freston, Mr. Hockenberry and to all my friends and colleagues at the Asia Society for organizing our event today. As an institution of international renown and credit, the Asia Society has contributed to our understanding of the most important issues in the world, especially in our part of the world. So it is a distinct honour for me to have this opportunity to speak with you and exchange views on the situation in Afghanistan.

I believe a useful way to approach our discussion today would be for me to give you a brief overview of the situation in Afghanistan over the past twelve years, since the fall of the Taliban regime in late 2001 that is, and then for us to get into a more open and free-flowing conversation. Of course, I’d also be happy to answer some of your questions.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I’ll take a step even farther back than the year 2001 when the Taliban regime in Afghanistan was ousted by the Afghan people with military backing from the international community. I’ll do that very briefly, just to point out that the recent history of Afghanistan over the past more than three decades has been a history mostly of suffering and pain brought on by foreign occupation in the 1980s, imposed internal strife in the first half of the 1990s and Taliban domination in the latter part of that inauspicious decade for Afghanistan.

As a result of these periods in our recent past, we sustained incalculable losses and destruction. More than a million Afghan citizens were killed and upward of five million fled to neighbouring countries and farther afield. During the particularly tragic 1990s, Afghanistan entered a decade-long period of dark isolation from the region and the wider world. In addition to the destruction of our physical infrastructure, these conflicts partly or completely devastated the essential institutions of our state. During those years, our people suffered severe poverty, physical brutality, and lack of hope and confidence about the future.

 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

With the collapse of the Taliban regime in 2001, we opened a new chapter in our history.

Despite numerous challenges and problems, over the last twelve years, because of the determination of the Afghan people, and the wise and steady leadership of His Excellency President Karzai, and with critical support from the international community, we in Afghanistan have taken a major step towards the recovery of our political, economic and security systems and have achieved historic gains in a broad range of areas.

We are proud of these positive gains in Afghanistan, which, I would like to repeat, are mainly the result of the dedication and sacrifices of the Afghan people and the major sacrifices and generous support of the international community and our allies. We are proud of our young democracy – today we have an elected president, an elected parliament as well as elected provincial councils in each one of our 34 provinces. At this very moment, the Afghan government and people are busy preparing for a historic third presidential election next year that will further entrench the principle and practice of democratic governance in our nation, and mark the first democratic, peaceful transfer of power from one elected president to another president.

The keen enthusiasm of the Afghan people up and down the country for next year’s presidential and provincial council elections despite setbacks and a difficult security environment is proof positive of our citizens’ determination to solidify our young democracy.

Today the active presence of women and girls in the political, social and economic fields is quite comprehensive and a force for good in our country. We have arguably one of the freest media in our region, and our vibrant civil society is playing an increasingly positive and significant role in the political and social life of the country.

Today more than ten million of our children attend school – this didn’t ever happen before in our history – over 40 percent of them girls. This number in 2001 was less than one million. Tens of thousands of our youth – both boys and girls – are attending more than 70 public and private universities across the country. Today over 70 percent of our people have access to basic health care services. We have built thousands of kilometers of roads and bridges throughout the country, and we’ve opened our country for foreign investments. These gains would not be possible without the support of the international community, particularly the United States.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I now would like to give you a brief but broad outline of some of the key priorities we’re engaged with at this point in Afghanistan.
The first point I want to make is about the security transition currently underway in Afghanistan, which started two summers ago and is to be wrapped up completely by the end of next year. Indeed, with the security transfer milestone that we marked with our international partners in July this year, it’s today Afghan forces – not foreign forces – who’re leading all security operations across Afghanistan.

Looking at the big security picture in Afghanistan, transition has proven both a strategic and a tactical success. The transition process has strengthened Afghan national sovereignty and ownership of our own affairs, and the Afghan people have embraced it as a vital endeavour. It is true that casualties among Afghan soldiers and police officers have gone up, but to us that is the sign of the commitment of brave and patriotic Afghans to the security, development and progress of their country.

We’re confident that with the continued financial assistance of the international community and friends – which frankly we require for a number of years, and for which we have a clear and firm commitment from the international community – Afghan national security forces will be able to provide internal security and defend Afghanistan against external threats by 2014 when the transition process will have concluded.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In the last three years, we have buttressed the transition process by entering into long-term strategic partnerships with the international community, and initiating efforts to build confidence and seek new forms of result-oriented cooperation with our neighbours and the wider region. During the past three years, we have signed key long-term strategic partnerships with India, the United States, Germany, Australia, Italy, the United Kingdom, France, Norway, Finland, Denmark, and Poland. We’ve also concluded or are currently negotiating similar partnerships with the European Union, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. And, we’ve conducted lengthy and complex negotiations with the United States over a Bilateral Security Agreement that will provide for the continued presence of a number of American soldiers on Afghan soil post-2014. We believe that a bilateral security agreement with the United States that fully respects our sovereignty, independence and culture and strengthens our national security forces and their capabilities is in the interest of both Afghanistan and the United States because it will be a cost-effective continuing investment in our common security in that critical region. The Afghan government is keen to sign such an agreement with the United States as soon as possible.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

In addition to the security transition, we’re pursuing efforts towards a political process of negotiations with the Taliban and other armed opposition groups, because we know that a political process is the surest path to lasting and dignified peace for the Afghan people who deserve peace and security more than any other people.

Therefore, pursuing a national peace and reconciliation process with the Taliban and other armed opposition groups, which has the broad support of all the political groups in Afghanistan and the solid backing of the Afghan people, remains an urgent priority for the Afghan people. We’re pursuing the peace process also because we know that there are is a significant current within the Taliban that agrees with the necessity of such a political process.

We’ve been heartened by the recent supportive position of the new government in Pakistan towards our peace process, and the initial step of releasing Mullah Beradar from prison on Saturday. We look forward to further steps by the Pakistani government to support our peace efforts.

Pakistan’s essential role in advancing the Afghan peace process is a clear example of the support that Afghanistan’s neighbours and other countries in the region, especially Muslim countries, can provide to the Afghan peace process.

I’d like to briefly touch upon another important transition in Afghanistan, namely the economic transition. This is an important element of the overall “capital T” transition process because we know that there will be an economic impact from the security transition as international forces return to their homes and foreign military spending, which has been an important part of economic activity for a large number of Afghans over the past decade, decreases across the country.

Some of this downturn will be absorbed by international development assistance. In this connection, an international development conference on Afghanistan in Tokyo in July last year pledged over $16 billion for the next three years to help fill the projected fiscal gap in our budget, critical help that we’re profoundly grateful for.

But we’re also trying to build up our national economy and ensure long-term self-reliance by attracting new investments into the different sectors of our national economy.

In this context, we’re paying special attention to attracting investments into our key industries and sectors, including agriculture and natural resources.

Our mines are conservatively estimated to hold trillions of dollars of precious minerals and hydrocarbons, which can sustain our economic growth for decades to come.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The last point I would like to highlight before we go to your views and questions is the central importance of regional cooperation. As the land bridge between South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East, Afghanistan can play a pivotal role in terms of promotion and advancement of economic and political cooperation in our region.

Therefore, peace, security and stability in Afghanistan undoubtedly is of vital importance for the promotion of economic cooperation and integration in the region, of course to the benefit and prosperity of all our peoples. Together with our Turkish friends, Afghanistan’s immediate neighbours and other regional countries, we launched the Istanbul Process in 2011 for confidence building and result-oriented cooperation in the Heart of Asia.

Two follow-on Ministerial meetings of the process were held in Kabul in June last year and in Almaty, Kazakhstan in April of this year.

Though this process is still moving towards its full maturity, it has developed into a meaningful forum for discussion on specific confidence building measures and gained considerable momentum.

An important note about the Istanbul Process is that it does not intend to replace or replicate any of the existing efforts and initiatives, but to complement them, strengthen them, and bring coherence between and among them, particularly in relation to Afghanistan. We just had an important senior officials meeting of the Istanbul Process yesterday here in New York ahead of the next ministerial meeting in the Peoples Republic of China next summer, a sure sign of the relevance, significance and importance of this process.

With that, I’d be happy to hear from you. Thank you for yourself.

Statement By H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Landlocked Developing Countries

Mr. Chairman,

At the outset, I would like to convey our appreciation to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on assuming the Chairmanship of the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries. Our gratitude also goes to Paraguay for its Chairmanship of our group during previous years, and its role in strengthening unity among our members.

Mr. Chairman,

The landlocked developing countries are commonly among the least developing countries.  Sixteen of us, including my own country, are classified with the slowest growth and dependence on a very limited number of commodities for our export income. There is a clear connection between distance and transport costs. High transport costs affect the competitiveness margin of landlocked developing countries, and thereby affect trade volume.

Promoting regional cooperation for the benefit of the surrounding and landlocked countries manifests both challenges and opportunities. Some of the critical challenges which need attention cover geo-political position of Afghanistan and its neighbouring landlocked countries, security and stability of the region, drug trafficking, people smuggling, expensive and time consuming trade and transit because of barriers in trade, transport and transit, out-dated and restrictive trade and transit practices and policies, and infancy of financial markets.

On the other hand, regional cooperation provides opportunities to optimally utilize the resources of the region for the benefit of all the countries and will bring down all such barriers and create borders with human face. Despite the landlocked location of the countries, improved connectivity and development of infrastructure, particularly in the transport and energy sectors, would enhance the energy trade. Lowering of trade and transit costs and time among the land locked countries would enhance the pace of economic development; significantly increase incomes, employment and consumption in the region leading to reduction of incidence of poverty levels. Other areas of cooperation cover removal of barriers: in regional movement of labour; improvements in communication systems; civil aviation, human resources development; health facilities; and other areas of economic interests. Such efforts will be helpful in improving the productivity levels and services delivered to the masses in the countries of the region.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan’s future – whether economically, politically, socially, or culturally – has and always will be deeply intertwined with its region’s future. Indeed, this is why we launched last November, with our regional and wider international partners, the “Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Cooperation for Afghanistan”. And this is why with collaborated with the Government of Tajikistan earlier this year in organizing the Fifth Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan. Building on the momentum generated the past twelve months in Istanbul and Dushanbe, as well as related meetings in Chicago, Kabul, and Tokyo, I firmly believe our deliberations today – with their emphasis on practical approaches for sustainable development and lessons from other regions undergoing similar transformations as in Central and South Asia – will be of immense benefit to the Government and People of Afghanistan, as well as our neighbours.

Promoting regional cooperation is a vital principle of cooperation in the Istanbul Heart of Asia Process. This is an emerging policy platform for advancing regional economic and other cooperation priorities among its participating states. Launched on 2 November 2011, the “Istanbul Process” introduces 43 confidence-building measures (CBMs) to enhance stability and regional cooperation between Afghanistan and 15 participating countries, with the support of 12 other country partners and 9 international organizations. Within the participating countries, 5 are Landlocked Developing Countries. Among the group of 43 CBMs, no less than 21 are of an economic nature (for example, trade, transport infrastructure, energy, water management, agriculture, and private investment) and 7 deal with regional cooperation in the area of education. For each of these priority CBMs, an Implementation Framework elaborates on the on-going work undertaken by a range of Afghan Government multilateral and bilateral partners.

Mr. Chairman,

Local trade between Afghanistan and neighbours is very important, even if long distance trade transiting through Afghanistan and neighbours takes longer to develop. Improved transportation links via the development of road corridors to the south and energy exports from landlocked Central Asian countries to the South Asia via Afghanistan would offer alternative means of trade flows and benefit the entire region.

As an over-arching, strategic goal for our regional cooperation projects, a broad-based effort to develop Regional Economic Growth and Resource Corridors can help connect – through Afghanistan – the people of landlocked Central Asia, South, and South-West Asia and their key economic activities, including agriculture, light manufacturing, and mineral extraction, with essential trade, transit, and energy enablers. And in doing so, the technical innovation and capital of the private sector will be unleashed, displacing over time both foreign aid and public sector capital investments. By generating significant returns to growth, jobs, and revenue, Regional Economic Growth and Resource Corridors have the potential to serve as “game changers” and to create a new dynamic for peace and socioeconomic progress across the region.

Unlocking the full potential of Afghanistan’s primary vehicles for economic expansion, employment, and public revenue are the keys to durable stability and financial sustainability across the country.  Investment in Aynak and Hajigak mines require investment in a rail system to efficiently move copper and iron ore to rail links in Central Asia and the ports of South Asia.  Exports of Afghanistan’s world class marble, gemstones, grapes, raisins, almonds, saffron, and pomegranates can only grow through a more favorable regional and global investment.  Small and medium-size enterprise owners – for example, involved in the production of rugs, wool, cashmere, and handicrafts – repeatedly stress the importance of reliable energy resources, alongside the rule of law, as essential to their competitiveness. And with adequate transportation and energy infrastructure, Afghanistan’s central location at the crossroads of Asia means it is poised to serve as a regional trade and transport hub, generating considerable public revenue through transit fees.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan fully supports the commitment of the landlocked countries to accelerate the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action through effective and genuine partnerships between landlocked and transit countries and their development partners, as well as between the public and private sectors at national, regional and global levels.

In conclusion, I reiterate our commitment to work closely with all of you to advance our common interests.

I thank you.