Wednesday, November 25, 2015

The Situation in the Middle East, Including The Palestinian Question

Statement by
H.E. Mr. Zahir Tanin
Vice Chairman of the Committe on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
Before the Security Council
The Situation in the Middle East, Including The Palestinian Question


Mr. President,

In my capacity as Vice-Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, allow me to congratulate you on the exemplary manner in which you have been steering the work of the Council during this month. I would also like to express my appreciation to H.E. Ambassador Emanuel Issoze-Ngondet of Gabon for his efficient presiding over the Council during the month of March.

On behalf of the Committee, I would like to express my appreciation to the United Nations Secretariat for the monthly briefings on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. Briefings such as this serve a useful practical purpose as they reflect the latest developments on the ground, as well as the efforts by various stakeholders in the international community to move the peace process forward.

Sadly, Mr. President, as we meet here today, there appears to be little hope for a serious turnaround in the all too familiar patterns of events on the ground. Violence continues to affect the lives of Palestinians and Israelis. Our Committee has condemned the use by Israel of its military might against the occupied Palestinian people, be it the bombing of areas in Gaza, incursions into Palestinian cities in the West Bank and Gaza, or dispersing non-violent protestors in front of the separation wall built illegally on Palestinian land. Our Committee has also been unequivocal in condemning the indiscriminate firing of rockets by Palestinian groups from Gaza into Israel. Violence from either side has to stop.

Our Committee also considers it alarming and totally unacceptable that the Government of Israel continues to flagrantly dismiss numerous calls by members of the international community, including the Quartet, for halting the illegal settlement activity in the Occupied West Bank and especially in East Jerusalem. Prime Minister Netanyahu’s latest statements in that regard send a clear message to the international community that the Israeli strategy is to continue to build in Jerusalem in violation of international law. At the same time, the occupying Power has continued to displace Palestinian residents in East Jerusalem through illegal house demolitions, evictions and residency right revocations.

Our Committee is also seriously concerned about the new Israeli military order that went into effect yesterday threatening thousands of residents in the West Bank with deportation. This order is part of the Israeli policy of consolidating and perpetuating its occupation of Palestinian land through forced displacement of the population. Implementing this order would constitute a breach of the Forth Geneva Convention, in particular its Article 49, which prohibits forcible transfers as well as deportations of protected persons, individual or mass, from the occupied territory.

It is absolutely clear that, by creating such facts on the ground, the occupying Power is undermining efforts at restarting the political process and is pre-determining the outcome of the sensitive permanent status negotiations on the status of Jerusalem. This approach renders any such negotiations devoid of purpose. In the same vein, Israel’s actions and policy on the issue of settlements are a serious threat to the concept of achieving a permanent settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the basis of a two-State solution. It is obvious, Mr. President, that these illegal and provocative actions of the Israeli leadership are also directly undermining current efforts at resuming the political process between the parties.

Our Committee fully supports the demand by the Middle East Quartet that Israel freeze all settlement activity, dismantle outposts and refrain from illegal house demolitions and evictions in East Jerusalem. I would like to emphasize here that these are NOT pre-conditions for resuming the negotiating process. These are Israeli obligations under the Road Map, as endorsed by this Council. It is hoped that the ten-month freeze of settlement expansion declared by the Israeli Government would be comprehensive, extended to East Jerusalem and retained indefinitely.

I would like to inform the Members of the Council that, at the end of March, our Committee convened its annual United Nations Seminar on Assistance to the Palestinian People. Its goal was to draw the attention of the international community to the Programme of the Palestinian Authority entitled “Palestine: Ending the occupation, establishing the State” – the programme that has become known as the Fayyad Plan. This programme might be understood as the Palestinian answer to Israeli settlement-building by creating unilaterally positive facts on the ground. Unlike Israel’s settlement activity, the Palestinian Authority’s programme is consistent with international law, welcomed and supported by the international community, and promotes rather than impedes prospects for a peace agreement. The plan reflects the Palestinian determination to empower themselves by taking their destiny into their own hands and shouldering their share of responsibility through building state institutions under the Israeli occupation with a view to ending it.

This forward-looking programme of the Palestinian Authority deserves the full attention of and tangible support by the international community. The Palestinian Authority has proven its ability to transform international support into concrete government-administered programmes, as demonstrated by the reform of the law and order sector and improved transparency at all levels and in all sectors of its activity. The Fayyad Plan is a logical continuation of these efforts.

It has to be borne in mind that this programme is not being implemented in a political vacuum. It is now, and will be in the foreseeable future, critically affected by developments in the political process. In fact, its success is determined by the measure of progress in the political area. On the international level, support needs to be built for the broad recognition of an independent Palestinian State. At the end of the projected two years of the plan, this recognition could be enshrined in a Security Council resolution, clearly determining the borders of the Palestinian State based on the pre-1967 lines.

Our Committee has come out strongly in support of the Palestinian Authority’s State-building programme. We would like to encourage the Members of the Security Council to support the realization of this plan, which has already been endorsed by the United Nations Secretary-General, the Quartet and the League of Arab States. By putting the weight of its authority behind this plan, the Council will create the necessary political framework for ending the occupation and implementing the two-State solution with Israel and Palestine living side by side in peace and security.

Thank you, Mr. President.


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The Situation in the Middle East, Including The Palestinian Question

Afghanistan on The World Stage

Afghanistan on the world Stage

Statements, Addresses and Articles By

H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin

Ambassador and Permanent Reprentative of the
Permanent Mission of The Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan to the United Nations in New York

Click here for PDF version

Building institutions and moving forward with establishing the State of Palestine

Closing Session

Statement by

H.E. Mr. Zahir Tanin

Head of the Delegation

Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights

of the Palestinian People



Distinguished guests,

Ladies and gentlemen,

The two-day considerations of the theme of our Seminar ”Building institutions and moving forward with establishing the State of Palestine” have now been completed.   On behalf of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to all participants for their contribution to the deliberations of the Seminar. The Committee would like to extend special thanks to the distinguished experts who had engaged us with their thorough exposés, analysing the situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem and making specific recommendations for the success of the Palestinian Authority programme, which if successful could serve as the precursor to the establishment of a Palestinian State.

We appreciated very much the keynote presentation by Minister Ali Al-Jarbawi outlining the main points of the Programme of the Palestinian Authority entitled “Palestine: Ending the occupation, establishing the State”, known as the Fayyad plan.  Many speakers backed this forward-looking programme, which calls for Palestinians to unilaterally build the administrative, economic and institutional foundation of an independent State in spite of the Israeli occupation. In the plenary sessions, experts reviewed the current socio-economic situation on the ground and looked at ways to advance the Palestinian State-building agenda.  Participants also highlighted the imperative of achieving economic independence and sustainable growth through responsible governance and the development of domestic capacities and resources.  Other speakers emphasized the continued crucial role of international assistance in support of the Palestinian economy.

Speakers in Plenary I provided an update of the current situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.  The socio-economic situation continued to be affected by the policies of the occupying Power, such as the expansion of settlements and related infrastructure,  repeated closures in the West Bank, the blockade of Gaza, and the building of the separation wall on Palestinian land.  Speakers warned that  the economic crisis in the Occupied Palestinian Territory would not abate with financial aid only, emphasizing the need to work consistently on ending the occupation and finding a permanent settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.  Speakers also pointed to the Israeli authorities’ mind-set to control every aspect of the daily lives of the Palestinians.  They also exposed occupation-related practices causing high unemployment rates and lack of equitable access to education.  They also revisited the main elements of the Palestinian National Early Recovery and Reconstruction Plan for Gaza, discussed at last year’s assistance seminar held in Cairo, pointing out that that plan never had a chance to get off the ground due to the continued Israeli blockade of  the Gaza Strip.  At the same time, it was argued in Plenary II, the reconstruction of Gaza must be part of the overall Palestinian state-building project, including the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza.  The main challenge for the Palestinian economy was to move away from an income economy enabled by donor funds and remittances to a productive economy.  It was suggested that Palestinians should forego integration with the Israeli economy in favour of integration with regional and world markets.

Speakers in Plenary II discussed ways to advance the state-building agenda. They also reviewed lessons learnt from the Paris Protocols  and indicated possible  pitfalls to be avoided in implementing the Fayyad Plan.  They pointed to considerable achievements of the Palestinian Authority in implementing the state-building agenda in spite of the many obstacles.  Yet, it was urgent to approach governance programming from a strategic, long-term, and conflict-sensitive perspective.  The goal was the creation of representative and transparent public institutions, promoting wide civil society engagement, keeping in mind the need for broad consensus building within the Palestinian society.  It was pointed out that the Palestinian Authority had no longer unified power over the Palestinian territory.  Internal political differences and the geographical split resulted in social fragmentation and growing polarization within the society.  The adoption of a strategy for mainstreaming gender issues and concerns was recommended by one expert who analyzed the Fayyad programme from Palestinian women’s perspective.  She demanded an affirmative action policy to increase the economic participation of women and to provide social protection.

In Plenary III, speakers from different United Nations Agencies, and from the donor community discussed the important role that international assistance plays in supporting the Palestinian economy.  They looked at the  role of the United Nations system, in particular the Office of the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in mobilizing and coordinating international assistance to the Palestinian people.  UNRWA’s role as the provider of vital socio-economic services that reached a considerable portion of the Palestinian population was also commended.  One of the experts highlighted the indispensable role played by the international NGOs and development agencies for alleviating the plight of the Palestinians and providing an economic safety net for the disadvantaged.  He cautioned that international assistance and state building programmes should be all inclusive and no Palestinian group should be left out or marginalized, not the 1.5 million Palestinians living in Gaza, nor the Palestinians living in Area C and East Jerusalem.  It was suggested that international donors and partners in the region, Arab public and private actors should coordinate their approaches towards creating a highly skilled, dynamic workforce that would be able to push the Palestinians towards sustainable and balanced development.  Unemployment should be tackled by encouraging entrepreneurship.  The international and regional private sector should provide mentorship, guidance, capital and a vast network.  The public sector could facilitate the creation of small and medium-size businesses through tax incentives, and targeted reforms of the education system.  A responsible Palestinian private sector and an engaged civil society, working together with transparent Palestinian institutions would be a solid basis for sustainable development of the Palestinian society.


Ladies and Gentlemen,

As I conclude my remarks, please allow me to thank our distinguished speakers, who have generously shared with us their analysis of the Palestinian Authority programme and for their recommendations that would be consolidated in the report of the meeting.  Our thanks also go to the distinguished representatives of Governments, Palestine, as well as the representatives of the intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations for their interest in the event and for their participation in the discussions.

On behalf of the Committee, I would also like to express our appreciation to Conference Services staff, as well as the Information Service and the Protocol and NGO liaison staff of the United Nations Office at Vienna. We are also grateful to the staff of the Division for Palestinian Rights of the United Nations Secretariat, the staff of the Department for General Assembly and Conference Management in New York, our interpreters, press officer, and all those who lent a hand to this event.

The report of this Meeting will be prepared by the Secretariat and will be issued, in due course, as a publication of the Division for Palestinian Rights.

I declare closed the United Nations Seminar on Assistance to the Palestinian People.