Friday, November 21, 2014

Statement by H.E. Zahir Tanin Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations At the Security Council Open Debate on Children and Armed Conflict

Thank you, Mr. President, for convening this timely meeting on Children and Armed Conflict and for the United States of America’s able leadership of the Council this month.   I would also like to thank Ms. Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and her office for their tireless efforts towards mitigating the devastating impact of war on children and thank the other distinguished speakers for their statements. Afghanistan aligns itself with the statement delivered by Indonesia on behalf of OIC.

Mr President,

Children around the world suffer enormously as a result of war, violence and armed conflict.  This devastating reality is even more widespread today due to the upsurge of bloody conflict and brutal extremism in Iraq, Gaza, South Sudan and around the world.

In Afghanistan, children have suffered immeasurably as a result of over 30 years of war.  Their childhoods have been compromised, and characterized, by persistent violence, killing and loss.   Today, resurgent conflict and pernicious extremism continue to cause children tremendous suffering. They are caught in the crossfire of military operations, explosions of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and deadly suicide attacks.  They are exploited by terrorists who force them to serve as combatants, suicide attackers, manufacturers and planters of IEDs, and even sex slaves.

The enemies of Afghanistan, in flagrant violation of international law, deny Afghan children- particularly girls- their fundamental rights to education.  The Taliban threaten girls and their teachers with acid attacks, killings, injury and abduction to prevent them from attending school. Terrorist groups attack schools, plant IEDs inside school premises, and detonate IEDs and suicide bombs close by.  In 2013, schools were attacked in at least 73 such incidents, resulting in the deaths and injuries of dozens of children.  In parts of the country, the fragile security situation has forced the closure of hundreds of schools, affecting 115,000 children in 2013 alone.

Mr. President,

The Government of Afghanistan deplores the use of children in war and affirms that child recruitment is unacceptable in all cases.  It is tragic that Afghan children attempt to join the national and local police and army, and that they are compelled to lie about their age in order to serve and earn money for their families.  Noting this terrible reality, my government has established a series of policies and practices aimed at mitigating child recruitment.

In 2010, Afghanistan launched an Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee on Children and Armed Conflict.  In 2011, the committee developed a National Action Plan to end and prevent the recruitment of children in the Afghan National Security Forces.

Since, among other reforms, my government has established Child Protection Units within the Afghan National Police and Afghan Local Police recruitment centers; those in the western region rejected 132 boys from voluntary enlistment in 2013. High level focal points have been assigned to promote the protection of children within the Afghan National Police, Afghan Local Police, and Afghan National Army. In addition the government has pioneered age verification procedures in Herat, in the West of the country, and aims to extend this good practice throughout the country and to share similar good practices with developing countries elsewhere in the world.

On 1 August, Afghanistan reaffirmed its commitment to end child recruitment in the Afghan security forces by endorsing a Road Map towards Compliance, with the support of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).  My government looks forward to continuing its efforts to implement the National Action Plan and uphold the commitments laid out in the Road Map.

Mr. President,

Afghanistan faces profound challenges in its fight to find peace, but we are committed to doing our utmost to end child recruitment and enhance child protection in the country.  We cannot do this alone; we call on our international partners to continue their support to help us achieve our goals. As Afghanistan looks towards a bright new future with the conclusion of the elections process, we hope to strive towards an Afghanistan in which all children are able to live in freedom and in peace, and the horrors of war and violence are but distant facts of history.

 

Thank you.

 

 

Statement by H.E. Ambassador Zahir Tanin Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations On the Draft Country Programme document for Afghanistan 2015-2019 at the second regular session of the Executive Board of the UNDP and UNFPA

Mr. Chairman,

I wish to begin by thanking Mr. Nicholas Rosellini for his introduction, and by commending the tireless efforts of the entire team at the UNDP’s Division for Afghanistan both in New York and in Kabul. I would also like to express my country’s appreciation of UNDP’s close consultation with the government of Afghanistan in drafting the country programme document, which will be presented later in the meeting for approval. In addition, I would like to thank the donor countries who fund the UNDP’s important work in Afghanistan.

Mr. President,

The UNDP is presenting the draft country programme document for Afghanistan 2015-2019 at a very critical time: the country is undergoing a political transition and the Afghan people and the international community are eagerly awaiting the final result of a democratic election. The United Nations and the UNDP have played a prominent role throughout the electoral process, from providing capacity building and technical assistance to the Afghan Independent Electoral Commission and Independent Complaint Commission in the lead up to the elections, and in supporting the historic, unprecedented and full audit process after the second round of elections on 14 June.

Mr. President,

The new country programme lays the foundation for a fresh and reinvigorated partnership between Afghanistan and the UNDP. On this note, let me highlight the following points:

Firstly, we appreciate the fact that the draft country programme document for Afghanistan is a product of one year of extensive consultations between the Government of Afghanistan and the UNDP country team in Afghanistan. It has been aligned with Afghanistan’s National Priority Programmes (NPPs), which constitute the bedrock of Afghanistan’s strategy for economic growth, development, and self-reliance in the Transformation Decade.

Secondly, we appreciate the flexible nature of the document, specifically that it allows the government of Afghanistan to revisit the document after the inauguration of the new government. This is a clear indication of respect for the principle of Afghan ownership and leadership.
Thirdly, we also appreciate the fact that the country programme document has been adapted to the United Nations Development Framework (UNDAF) which enjoys the support of the Government of Afghanistan in principle.

Last but not least, this country programme document has also taken the recommendations of the Assessment of Development Results (ADR) 2013 – Afghanistan into account. This is evident in its focus on poverty eradication, environmental protection, and attention to local governments, the legislature, the judiciary and civil society.

As we move into the Transformation Decade (which starts in 2015 and last until 2024), it is crucial that we learn from the past, that development assistance supports enhanced Afghan leadership and ownership, and that it enables the country to move from aid dependency to self-sufficiency. This will be vital to end fragility, achieve greater Afghan sovereignty and a more normalized relationship with the international community in the future.

Mr. President,

In conclusion, I would like to express my government’s deep appreciation for the UNDP’s long engagement in Afghanistan particularly through the last decade. Afghanistan is grateful for our joint stabilization, reconstruction and development efforts and UNDP’s provision of support and assistance in the field of security and the rule of law, civil service reform, transparency and accountability, local governance, political processes including support to the Elections Commission and the newly elected parliament, civil society empowerment, youth, gender equality, human rights, environment and rural energy, the reintegration of former combatants into society, as well as rural development and private sector development.

Mr. President, I wish to stress that Afghanistan highly values its partnership with the UNDP and wishes to continue to work together towards enhancing Afghan ownership and leadership through the efficient implementation of this country program.

Thank you, Mr. President.

Statement by H.E. Zahir Tanin Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations at the Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan

25 June 2014
NEW YORK

Thank you, Mr. President. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr. Jan Kubiš, Special Representative of the Secretary-General, for briefing the council via video and for his leadership of United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, particularly at this very important juncture in my country’s history, and I thank him in particular for his continued commitment to Afghanistan throughout the transition. I also welcome the presence of Mr. Fedotov, Executive Director of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, here today. I am grateful to Australia, and particularly to Ambassador Quinlan, for their continued leadership on Afghanistan on the Council. I would also like to take this opportunity to welcome the Secretary-General’s recent report on the Situation in Afghanistan.

Mr. President,

This is a pivotal moment for Afghanistan; we are at the last stage of our country’s historic presidential elections. This democratic transition is the cornerstone of the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned progression to peace, stability, and prosperity.

Mr. President,

The Presidential elections on 5 April and on 14 June generated an unprecedented surge of democratic spirit in Afghanistan. It is remarkable to witness my country emerging after decades of conflict as a vibrant young democracy, one characterized by widespread engagement in the political process. This has been demonstrated by rallies attended by thousands, debates that were broadcast and viewed throughout the country, media coverage and information exchange on phone, computer, and television screens, and candidates’ public outreach, not only in the capital but, significantly, country-wide.

In an exceptional show of faith in democracy, Afghans cast their ballots despite intimidation by the Taliban and other extremist and terrorist groups so that they could have a say in the country’s political destiny. They dipped their fingers in ink, boldly asserting their right to choose a leader in defiance of threats to their lives and safety. In doing so they voted not only for a candidate, but also for peace, for the advancement of the gains made in the last 12 years and for a better future.

They did so by the millions, in numbers that exceeded expectations in both the first and second rounds. All segments of the population participated, including women and all ethnic groups, in all provinces of the country, in the cities and in the rural areas, and in the South, North, East and West.

Mr. President,

Dozens of national institutions and thousands of citizens played a role in ensuring the administration, integrity, and legitimacy of the first entirely Afghan-managed electoral process. Thousands of independent domestic and international observers and candidate monitors covered the polling stations and continue to oversee the entire electoral cycle.

We are grateful to the international community for standing with the Afghan people and for providing technical, financial and logistical resources to enable Afghan institutions to successfully hold elections. We appreciate the support of the United Nations, including the United Nations Development Programme, to national electoral institutions in their management of a peaceful democratic transition.

Mr. President,

We note with pride the professionalism and competence exhibited by Afghan security institutions during the election period. Their dedication allowed elections to take place despite serious security threats. Moreover, careful planning including through training of hundreds of female police and over 2000 civilians, and the recruitment of over 13,000 female searchers, allowed for the active participation of diverse segments of the population on polling day.

We were deeply saddened by the tragic loss and injury of civilians, election personnel, observers and Afghan security forces who put their lives at risk to protect the future of the country. We deplore the attacks against the infrastructure of election institutions, including the central office of the Independent Election Commission in Kabul and even attacks on candidates and their supporters. However, the Afghan people’s near blanket defiance of extremist threats sends a strong message that the Taliban no longer have the ability to destabilize the country. Despite the tragic loses suffered during the elections, peace and democracy have clearly triumphed in Afghanistan.

Mr. President,

We note the steps taken by the Independent Election Commission (IEC) and the Independent Election Complaints Commission (IECC) to detect fraudulent votes and to manage complaints in the first round, including through the blacklisting of electoral workers liable for infractions. Election bodies are again managing issues raised regarding the electoral process in the second round, attempting to avoid potential crises and to protect the legitimacy of our historic elections. These efforts aim to assure the integrity and transparency of the electoral process and uphold constitutional and electoral law.

We appreciate the United Nations’ readiness to stand up for the interests of the Afghan people by supporting the integrity of the Afghan-led, Afghan-managed electoral process, which will lead to the establishment of a new Government that legitimately reflects the will of the Afghan people. We see the United Nations’ support of the Afghan process as a positive step towards addressing the political concerns of the second round.

Mr. President,

As Afghanistan transitions for the first time from one democratically elected president to the next, we continue to focus on the steps necessary for the country to move decisively towards full ownership and leadership in the Transformation Decade.

Afghan security institutions are assuming full responsibility throughout the country as combat operations by international forces near their conclusion. The future elected president of Afghanistan will continue to prioritize a constructive relationship with our international partners, starting by signing a Bilateral Security Agreement with the United States, and followed by the finalization of the agreement on NATO’s training, advising and assistance role in post-2014 Afghanistan. In this regard we look forward to the upcoming NATO Summit in Cardiff on 4 September.

The country’s progress towards sustainability and self-sufficiency depends upon the ability of Afghan institutions to perform key governance and service delivery functions and to promote economic development. This will require the continued support and assistance of the international community, as set out in the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework (TMAF), adopted in Tokyo in 2012. We welcome the next Ministerial Meeting on the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework to be held in London in November of this year as a forum for renewing and reinvigorating the mutual commitments necessary for Afghanistan’s long-term prosperity.

As Afghanistan moves towards a new beginning, the inter-linked challenges of achieving security, peace, good governance, and development will continue to loom large. We were reminded of long-term challenges to development last month by the devastating floods in Badakhshan province. In addition, we recognize that illegal drugs and narcotics continue to undercut our legitimate development path, and for this reason we will continue to implement our National Drugs Control Strategy and call on our regional and international partners to focus on solutions which reduce demand and combat regional and global illicit networks. Understanding that terrorism and extremism continue to be the greatest impediment to development in Afghanistan and the region, we will continue to focus on peace and reconciliation efforts with the Taliban as well as other measures including the Anti-Money Laundering law recently passed by the Upper House of the Afghan National Parliament. The active role of all citizens- women, men and children- will be vital to overcoming our shared challenges in this regard.

Mr. President,

Regional engagement will continue to be crucial to the peace, stability and success of the Transformation Decade. We believe that it is important to build upon the achievements of the last decade to solidify and expand a workable framework of bilateral and multilateral mechanisms with our neighbors and the wider region, as well as strengthening relations with the Islamic world. To this end, we look forward to the upcoming Heart of Asia Ministerial meeting to be held in Tianjin, China, on 29 August.

As Afghanistan expands its multifaceted cooperation with our regional partners, we expect our neighbors to continue to work towards regional stability. The recent operation of Pakistani forces in Northern Waziristan, which led to the displacement of thousands of families to Afghanistan’s Khost province and the associated loss of life, is a serious source of concern for the government of Afghanistan. We urge the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to prioritize the greater security of Afghanistan and the region at this crucial time.

Mr. President,

The Afghan government is committed to a swift and successful conclusion of the electoral process. Preparations are well underway for the first ever democratic and peaceful transfer of power in Afghanistan. All government institutions have commenced their transition planning and an inter-ministerial committee has been assigned to prepare for the official inauguration of our incoming President. We look forward to welcoming the dignitaries of all our international and regional partners to this grand occasion.

When we do so, Mr. President, we will remember that Afghanistan and our international partners have made tremendous sacrifices to ensure that war remains a relic of the past. It is essential that the country does not return to the days when bullets rather than ballots decided the country’s political fate. In the post-Taliban Afghanistan, no tenet has been more cherished than the idea that stability and legitimacy is a profound necessity. This principle has motivated considerable investment in terms of dollars spent and lives lost, and its curtailment would carry incurring consequences for the country and its people. It is our fundamental responsibility to ensure that peace and democracy are secure in Afghanistan today, tomorrow, and throughout the Transformation decade.

I thank you.