Sunday, November 23, 2014

Afghanistan, U.S.A and UNIFEM co-host panel discussion about Afghan women

The Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to the UN, in collaboration with UNIFEM and the Mission of the United States, today hosted a panel discussion on the status of women in Afghanistan under the title “Eight Years On: What Hope for Afghan Women?”.

Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, and Ambassador Susan Rice, Permanent Representative of the United States, both spoke and reaffirmed the cooperation between the two countries and their mutual dedication to guaranteeing Afghan women their full equal rights. In addition, three exceptional women from Afghanistan attended the panel to present their views and to represent the voices and experiences of women in Afghanistan. Najia Zewari works with UNIFEM in Afghanistan as Senior National Program Officer. Wazhma Frogh is a 2009 recipient of the State Department’s Women of Courage award for her dedication to advancing women’s rights.  Suraya Pakzad  is the founder of Voice of Women Organization, recipient of the 2008 State Department’s Women of Courage award, and recipient of the National Medal of Afghanistan. These three women shared their ideas about the challenges facing Afghan women and the ways to move forward.

Statements by the panelists were followed by a brief interactive question and answer session with the audience. The event was very well-attended by representatives from many nations, including representatives from all over the world who were at the United Nations to attend the 2009 Commission on the Status of Women. Among those attending was Canada’s Minister responsible for the Status of Women.

History

Capital:  Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 11 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Population:  31,889,923 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality:    noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:   Pashtun , Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, others

Religions: Muslim , other 1%

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) , Pashto (official) , Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) , 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) much bilingualism

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Administrative divisions: 34 provinces (velayat, singular – velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Daykondi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khowst, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Nurestan, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Panjshir, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol

Constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004

Legal system: based on mixed civil and Shari’a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Waterways: 1,200 km (chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to 500 DWT) (2007)

Natural gas – proved reserves: 47.53 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Industries: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

Agriculture – products: opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins

Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)

International organization participation: ADB, CP, ECO, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO…………………………………… [Read more…]

Important Documents

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