Thursday, September 18, 2014

History

Capital:  Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 11 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Population:  31,889,923 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality:    noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:   Pashtun , Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, others

Religions: Muslim , other 1%

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) , Pashto (official) , Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) , 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) much bilingualism

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Administrative divisions: 34 provinces (velayat, singular – velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Daykondi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khowst, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Nurestan, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Panjshir, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol

Constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004

Legal system: based on mixed civil and Shari’a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Waterways: 1,200 km (chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to 500 DWT) (2007)

Natural gas – proved reserves: 47.53 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Industries: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

Agriculture – products: opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins

Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)

International organization participation: ADB, CP, ECO, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO…………………………………… [Read more...]

Important Documents

All documents listed are in PDF format. If you do not have this software installed on your system, you may download it from Adobe’s website

The Gaza Crisis of 2009 Emergency Meeting of the UN Security Council

The Security Council met on January 8 at 8:00 p.m. at the United Nations Security Council Chamber to follow up the discussion on the situation in Gaza by adopting a resolution that would call for an immediate cease fire.

The resolution 1860 was originally tabled by the United Kingdom and was a compromise to the draft text that Libya wanted to propose for adoption before the Council. After series of negotiations during the past three days the Council agreed on the British proposal that was submitted to the Council for vote. 1860 was adopted by a vote of 14 in favour, 0 against and 1 abstentions (USA).