Monday, September 1, 2014

Security Council Press Statement: Attacks in Paktika and Kabul, Afghanistan

 

The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the suicide attack on 15 July 2014 in Paktika, Afghanistan, which caused many deaths and injuries to civilians, including children, as well as the attack in Kabul on 15 July 2014, which caused a number of deaths and injuries to civilians, for which the Taliban has claimed responsibility.

The members of the Security Council expressed their deep sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims, and to the people and Government of Afghanistan. They wished the injured a speedy recovery.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their serious concern at the threats posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other terrorist and extremist groups, and illegal armed groups to the local population, national security forces and international military and international assistance efforts in Afghanistan, particularly in light of recent terrorist attacks elsewhere in the country.

The members of the Security Council underlined the need to bring perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism to justice, and urged all States, in accordance with their obligations under international law and relevant Security Council resolutions, to cooperate actively with the Afghan authorities in this regard.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations is criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of its motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed, and should not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilization or ethnic group.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the need and reiterated their determination to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and all obligations under international law, in particular international human rights, refugee and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.

The members of the Security Council reiterated that no terrorist act can reverse the path towards Afghan-led peace, democracy and stability in Afghanistan, which is supported by the people and the Government of Afghanistan and by the international community.

15 July 2014

H.E. Ambassador Tanin Highlights the Importance of Peaceful Transition at the Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan

On 25th June, H.E. Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations, delivered a statement at the Security Council’s quarterly debate on the situation in Afghanistan.
Special Representative of the Secretary General, Mr. Jan Kubis, opened the debate. A timely political transition with a stable unifying outcome, he said, is the wish of the Afghan people and the necessary foundation for Afghanistan’s political, security and development challenges.

Referring to one Presidential candidate’s decision to disengage from the electoral process, citing alleged fraud, Mr. Kubis urged the candidates to immediately engage with one another and the mandated electoral institutions to define solutions to help move the process forward. Rising tensions, he warned, risk sliding into protracted confrontation and violence. To this end, he appealed to the candidates to exhibit “statesmanship, not brinkmanship” at this crucial stage.

Mr. Yuri Fedotov, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), also delivered a statement. He noted the willingness of UNODC to support Afghanistan’s efforts to engage with its neighbors and “promote regional and interregional cooperation in an integrated, comprehensive response to illicit drugs.”
Taking the floor, Ambassador Tanin declared this moment as “pivotal…for Afghanistan,” as the country arrived at the last stage of its historic presidential elections. This democratic transition is the cornerstone of the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned progression to peace, stability, and prosperity, he said.

The Presidential elections on 5 April and on 14 June, he continued, generated an unprecedented surge of democratic spirit in Afghanistan. “In an exceptional show of faith in democracy, Afghans cast their ballots despite intimidation by the Taliban and other extremist and terrorist groups so that they could have a say in the country’s political destiny,” he remarked.
Ambassador Tanin pointed out the dozens of national institutions that ensured the administration, integrity, and legitimacy of the first entirely Afghan-managed electoral process, highlighting the thousands of independent domestic and international observers and candidate monitors who covered the polling stations and continue to oversee the entire electoral cycle. Electoral institutions, he added, are managing issues related to the electoral process in the second round, attempting to avoid potential crises and to protect “the legitimacy of our historic elections.”
He noted with appreciation the United Nations’ readiness to stand up for the interests of the Afghan people by supporting the integrity of the Afghan-led, Afghan-managed electoral process, and noted that their support is “a positive step towards addressing the political concerns of the second round.”

Following Ambassador Tanin’s statement, members of the Security Council including representatives of Australia, Chile, Rwanda, Lithuania, Nigeria, United States, Luxembourg, Jordan, Republic of Korea, China, Chad, Argentina, United Kingdom, France, and the Russian Federation delivered remarks, as did representatives of India, Canada, Pakistan, Japan, Italy, European Union, Germany, Spain, Latvia, Kyrgystan and Turkey. Statements focused on the historic nature of the recent Presidential elections, as well as the necessity of adherence to Afghanistan’s constitutional and electoral laws at this important time. In addition, the Security Council adopted two Presidential Statements on elections and illicit drugs in Afghanistan, respectively.

Statement by President of the Security Council

 

The Security Council welcomes the holding of the second round of the Afghan presi-dential election on 14 June and reiterates the importance of these historic elections to Afghanistan’s transition and democratic development. It commends the participation and courage of the Afghan people to cast their ballot despite the threat and intimidation by the Taliban and other violent extremist and terrorist groups. It further commends the participation of Afghan women in the electoral process, and underlines the key role that they play in Afghan-led peace, democracy and stability.

The Security Council notes positively of the Afghan people to prepare for and hold these elections and reiterates the important role of the Afghan electoral institutions, including the Independent Election Commission and the Independent Electoral Com-plaints Commission. It calls upon Afghan electoral institutions to uphold the highest standards of integrity throughout this important and historic process, and emphasizes that all efforts must be made to ensure the integrity, neutrality and transparency of the electoral process, including the detection and prevention of fraud.

The Security Council calls on all stakeholders to engage with the electoral institutions and processes with patience and respect, refrain from any acts that incite imminent violence, civil disorder or lead to instability, and to channel complaints through the established institutional mechanisms in line with Afghanistan’s electoral laws and constitution.

The Security Council looks forward to the conclusion of the electoral process in ac-cordance with the relevant laws and mandates of the electoral institutions and the orderly transition to a new administration and welcomes the ongoing support role of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).

The Security Council calls on all political entities to work together in accordance with the Afghan Constitution, with the aim of strengthening Afghanistan’s sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity in order to achieve a peaceful and prosperous future for all the people of Afghanistan.

The Security Council condemns the actions of those who attempted to disrupt the elections, such as terrorist attacks against civilians, including election personnel and candidates, as well as attacks against election infrastructure. It condemns violent and terrorist activities by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other violent and extremist groups and illegal armed groups aimed at destabilizing the situation in the country.

The Security Council recognizes the sacrifices of the Afghan people and Afghan Na-tional Security Forces during the election period, and reiterates that no terrorist act can reverse the path towards Afghan-led peace, democracy and stability.