On 16 March 2015, the Security Council held a debate on the Situation in Afghanistan during which it unanimously adopted a resolution extending the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) for another year. Mr. Nicholas Haysom, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), opened the debate and H.E. Ambassador Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations, delivered a statement on behalf of the government of Afghanistan.
In its resolution, the Security Council requested that the Secretary-General initiate a process to conduct within six months a full examination of the role, structure and activities of all United Nations entities in Afghanistan. Ambassador Tanin welcomed the Security Council’s request. “The process put forward in today’s resolution will allow us to fully engage all stakeholders over the next six months through a new, thorough, and extensive mechanism which will refine the framework of our partnership and our relations with the United Nations in a new era,” he said.
Ambassador Tanin emphasized the importance of aligning the role of the UN in Afghanistan to the “new realities on the ground and the goals of the transformation decade.” He noted that the situation in Afghanistan today is very different from that which the UN assistance mission was established to support in 2002 and even from the situation upon which last year’s mandate extension was based.
The future role of the United Nations in Afghanistan, he said, must fully reflect the principles of Afghan national sovereignty, national leadership and national ownership, the successful completion of the transition process, and the initiation of the transformation decade; it must align precisely with the government’s national priorities; it must be effective, accountable and coherent; and it must reflect the fact that the government of Afghanistan is ready to fully assume the leading, managing and coordinating role of all assistance and development programs, as well as the international community’s efforts, in Afghanistan.
Ambassador Tanin noted that the government of Afghanistan is doing its part to take full responsibility of its own affairs through a comprehensive reform agenda at the national, regional, and international levels. He also noted the importance of the peace and reconciliation process with the Taliban to long-term stability in Afghanistan and lauded the efforts of the government of Pakistan and China towards supporting Afghanistan’s peace process.
Following Ambassador Tanin’s statement, 26 representatives including Security Council members, representatives of Member States and the Delegation of the European Union to the UN took the floor. Member States congratulated the government of Afghanistan on its comprehensive reform agenda and reiterated their enduring commitment to support Afghanistan this year and in the long term.