Saturday, May 30, 2015


Capital:  Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 11 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Population:  31,889,923 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality:    noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:   Pashtun , Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, others

Religions: Muslim , other 1%

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) , Pashto (official) , Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) , 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) much bilingualism

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Administrative divisions: 34 provinces (velayat, singular – velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Daykondi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khowst, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Nurestan, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Panjshir, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol

Constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004

Legal system: based on mixed civil and Shari’a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Waterways: 1,200 km (chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to 500 DWT) (2007)

Natural gas – proved reserves: 47.53 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Industries: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

Agriculture – products: opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins

Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)

International organization participation: ADB, CP, ECO, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO…………………………………… [Read more…]

Important Documents

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United Nations Millennium Goals

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less

    than a dollar a day.

  • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer fromhunger


Achieve universal primary education
  • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course ofprimary schooling.

Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
Reduce child mortality
  • Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
Improve maternal health
  • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
Develop a global partnership for development
  • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory, includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction— nationally and internationally
  • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction
  • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States
  • Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term
  • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decentand productive work for youth
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies— especially information and communications technologies