Wednesday, July 30, 2014

History

Capital:  Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 11 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Population:  31,889,923 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality:    noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:   Pashtun , Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, others

Religions: Muslim , other 1%

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) , Pashto (official) , Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) , 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) much bilingualism

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Administrative divisions: 34 provinces (velayat, singular – velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Daykondi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khowst, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Nurestan, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Panjshir, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol

Constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004

Legal system: based on mixed civil and Shari’a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Waterways: 1,200 km (chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to 500 DWT) (2007)

Natural gas – proved reserves: 47.53 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Industries: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

Agriculture – products: opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins

Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)

International organization participation: ADB, CP, ECO, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO…………………………………… [Read more...]

Important Documents

All documents listed are in PDF format. If you do not have this software installed on your system, you may download it from Adobe’s website

United Nations Millennium Goals

1
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less

    than a dollar a day.

  • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer fromhunger

2

Achieve universal primary education
  • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course ofprimary schooling.

3
Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
4
Reduce child mortality
  • Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
5
Improve maternal health
  • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
6
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
7
Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
8
Develop a global partnership for development
  • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory, includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction— nationally and internationally
  • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction
  • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States
  • Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term
  • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decentand productive work for youth
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies— especially information and communications technologies