Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Debate on Agenda Item 105: International Drug Control

Statement by H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan

At the Third Committee debate on Agenda Item 105: International Drug Control

Mr. Chairman,

Honored Delegates,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

As this is the first time I take the floor, allow me to congratulate you, Mr. Chairman, on your election as Chair of the Third Committee.  Let me assure you of my delegation’s full support and cooperation throughout the work of this Committee.  In addition, I want to thank Mr. Antonio Maria Costa for his excellent briefing, for UNODC’s 2009 World Drug Report, and for the ongoing support that UNODC has offered to our efforts, in Afghanistan and elsewhere.

Mr. Chairman,

Despite the current challenges in Afghanistan, I am pleased to inform you that our counter-narcotics efforts have seen remarkable progress across-the-board this past year. Today, I will highlight four areas that have seen particular success, and outline some suggestions for improvement on those achievements to address our remaining challenges.

First, directly as a result of our efforts, poppy cultivation in Afghanistan is down 22%, and opium production down 10% – a marked decrease from last year.  The number of poppy-free provinces has increased from 18 to 20.  Our most remarkable decrease has been in the Helmand province, which has seen a 33% drop in poppy cultivation compared to 2008.  To solidify this progress, the Afghan Ministry of Counter-Narcotics plans to destroy an additional 40 thousand hectares of poppy this year.  With the help of our international partners, our focus in the coming months and years should be on promoting viable alternative livelihoods for Afghan farmers. This could be in the form of replacement crops, like saffron in Herat, or through other development projects, particularly in light industry or the exploitation of natural resources. In any case, without viable alternative livelihoods, our progress towards a poppy-free country will never be sustainable.

Second, the Afghan government has strengthened its counter-narcotics infrastructure and improved governmental coordination under the umbrella of the National Drug Control Strategy.  Recent actions by the Afghan government have achieved real progress.  For example, the Afghan Ministry of Counter-Narcotics recently held a national conference in Kabul for governors and others to discuss best practices, and is currently running an awareness-raising campaign in 26 provinces that involves religious leaders and the media, and has indirectly reached over 15 million Afghans.  Also, the Afghan Parliament recently passed a strengthened anti-drug law enforcement bill.  Further, the Ministry of Justice has created a special court to try counter-narcotics cases, and the Ministry of the Interior has a dedicated police force for counter-narcotics efforts.  However, national and global illicit economies fueled by the drug trade undermine many of our efforts towards good governance and strong state institutions.  We need to focus our collective efforts on capacity building, strengthening institutions, and improving rule of law. With the support of the international community, the Afghan government is fully committed to making further progress in this area.

Third, Afghanistan has made huge strides toward improved cooperation with neighboring countries.  This year, utilizing the framework of the Triangular Initiative, the counter-narcotics agencies of Afghanistan and the Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan successfully conducted joint operations against drug trafficking networks along our borders, which resulted in many arrests and the seizure of a considerable quantity of narcotics. Within the framework of UNODC’s Operation TARCET II, launched in May of this year, Afghanistan has worked closely with other governments in the region through, inter alia, a joint training session for border control agents and counter-narcotics police. To build on these developments, the Government of Afghanistan, the international community and the region should continue to strengthen cooperation in line with the Paris Pact, the “Rainbow Strategy,” Security Council Resolution 1817 and others, with particular focus on preventing the illegal transport of precursor chemicals into Afghanistan.

Fourth, Afghanistan has improved coordination and cooperation with the international community.   Last year NATO agreed to increase assistance to the Afghan government’s counter-narcotics efforts, and in the first half of this year a joint Afghan-NATO military operation successfully destroyed over 90 tons of chemical precursors, 459 tons of poppy seeds, 51 tons of opium, 7 tons of morphine, 1.5 tons of heroin, 19 tons of cannabis resin, and 44 illicit laboratories.  Afghanistan also has increased our bilateral efforts with countries in the region and internationally on this issue, particularly to address trafficking. This year, we signed a new anti-drug agreement with Russia focused on stopping trafficking and halting the transport of precursors, and we fully supported the recent American decision to shift the counter-narcotics focus in Afghanistan away from crop eradication and towards alternative livelihoods and economic development. In addition, we participated actively in the recent meeting of the SCO on Afghanistan, which focused on the issues of terrorism and drug trafficking, and hope that this and similar initiatives will help bring a wider regional and international perspective to our discussion. Internationally, we continue to work closely with UNODC and the INCB to address all issues relating to drugs, and we remain very grateful for their comprehensive assistance. In addition to our efforts in Afghanistan, we should also continue to pursue comprehensive, global strategies that address all aspects of the drug problem, from cultivation to consumption. A successful fight against drugs requires increased efforts to reduce not just production, but also demand.

However, Mr. Chairman,

Profits from the illegal narcotics trade fuel the activities of terrorists and criminals around the world, including those in our region. A substantial challenge remains the strong correlation between insecurity and drug production. In Afghanistan, 98% of poppy cultivation occurs in the provinces with the highest levels of insecurity.  Therefore, in addition to the suggestions outlined above, one of our fundamental priorities should remain the overall improvement of the security situation, particularly through training the Afghan National Army and Police.

Mr. Chairman,

Drugs and the drug trade are directly responsible for the preventable deaths of millions of people every year, and are indirectly linked to millions more. In addition, tens of millions worldwide, including an increasing number in Afghanistan, face serious health consequences from regular drug use. In developing countries particularly, this is a problem that targets the poorest and most hopeless. It is our joint duty here to do everything possible to curtail the production and consumption of these harmful substances. The Government of Afghanistan is strongly committed to this goal, and we look forward to working with our international partners to address this ongoing threat as quickly as possible.

I thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Ambassador Dr. Tanin condemned the Terrorist Attacks outside Indian Embassy

Ambassador Zahir Tanin today condemned the terrorist attack that occurred this morning outside the Indian Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan before he delivered a statement to the Third Committee. A suicide car bomb explosion was responsible for killing 15 civilians and two Afghan police officers, and injuring over eighty.

After condemning the attack, Ambassador Dr. Tanin said, “This was an obvious attack on civilians. The perpetrators of this attack and those who planned it are vicious terrorist who target innocent people, not just Afghan civilians but also our friends and allies.” The Taliban have claimed responsibility for this act, but did not say why they targeted the Indian Embassy. Ambassador Dr. Tanin said, “I want to extend my and my governments heartfelt condolences and sympathies to the families of the victims.”

General Debate of the UNGA Second Committee

Statement of H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations

at the General Debate of the UNGA Second Committee

Mr. Chairman,

First, allow me to congratulate you sincerely on your election as Chairman of the Second Committee. My delegation looks forward to cooperating with you over the next months, and we look forward to a productive session.

Afghanistan aligns itself with the statement of Nepal on behalf of all LDCs. Also, we would like to express our solidarity with the G77 and China, as well as other post-conflict states, LDCs and LLDCs.

Mr. Chairman,

The Second Committee this year is faced with a number of pivotal issues whose resolutions are crucial to our common efforts in creating a stable, secure, and promising common future. The financial and economic crisis, food insecurity, the eradication of poverty in developing countries, climate change, and sustainable development all represent extremely difficult challenges. It is essential that the United Nations, and we nations united under its banner, work together to address them urgently.

Recent international accords and conferences have demonstrated a broad global desire for progress. The United Nations International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, as well as the 3rd UN Conference on Least Developed Countries have shown crucial initiative. The Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda on Aid Effectiveness, as well as the Hong Kong Ministerial declaration, all prioritize the needs and difficult situation of LDCs in our current environment. Afghanistan is committed to all of these initiatives, and hopes to add the resolution of the Doha Round to this list of crucial programs.

Mr. Chairman,

Like other nations in its situation, Afghanistan’s development capabilities have been particularly threatened by the financial crisis. Official Development and foreign aid to Afghanistan and other LDCs and special-needs countries must be effective, consistent, and predictable in order to meet the demands of development. Nations deserve the chance to lift themselves out of poverty, eradicate corruption, and become truly self-sufficient; but this cannot happen without proper use and channeling of aid, and without encouraging national ownership. Accountability, transparency, donor coordination, and fulfillment of promises must all be comprehensively addressed as soon as possible to ensure that limited resources are being effectively utilized. Otherwise, without intensified aid, Afghanistan will find it very difficult to implement its National Development Strategy, as well as the Millennium Development Goals and the IADGs.

As with other poor countries, a sustainable, self-sufficient future for Afghanistan will depend on agricultural development and food security. Least developed nations cannot afford to suffer from the consequences of a Financial Crisis that we had no hand in; more well-coordinated development programs and increased agricultural aid now are the only way to free Afghanistan of the need for them in the future.

Afghanistan’s situation reflects the desperate need for the eradication of poverty in developing countries. The global system will never be able to establish a balance of less dependence and more cooperative work if developing countries continue to be burdened by the impossibly heavy load of poverty combined with the strain of their own need for development. Afghanistan hopes that this 2nd UN Decade for Eradication of Poverty will be the last.

Mr. Chairman,

Climate Change is a unique issue without extensive precedence in the United Nations. It affects, and will unequivocally affect, all countries – no matter their size or wealth. All should recognize the dire need for a successful Copenhagen Conference, and support the G77 and China’s UNFCCC as well as the Kyoto and Montreal Protocols, as these remain central to the framework for cooperative action to address climate change. Afghanistan assures all member states of its complete cooperation towards a solution for a secure future.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan is facing a number of very difficult challenges, most of which center around its situation as a post-conflict country. Sustainable development is often sidelined in post-conflict situations because of the more immediate needs of these states. After all, large-scale sustainability projects require much time and resources, and so short-term projects often seem more feasible, especially during a period where financial issues are creating donor reluctance. However, both the short- and long-term are necessary. We cannot delay development indefinitely while waiting for security, or rely on superficial quick-fixes. The ingredients of the long-term solution will include sustainable development, job creation, and poverty reduction, along with the spread of science and technology. In places like Afghanistan, efforts towards sustainable development may be the only way to establish enduring security and to reduce dependence on foreign aid.

Mr. Chairman,

Regional cooperation represents another necessary element needed to construct a solution to the situation in Afghanistan and other post-conflict states. South-South as well as North-South Cooperation are essential for development. Afghanistan hopes that its stability and prosperity, and that of the region, will benefit from cooperation through the reinvigorated use of Afghanistan as a land bridge within the larger region; through the expansion of regional energy, trade, and transit markets; and through a coordinated effort to eliminate the narcotics trade. To this end, Afghanistan is an active member of ECO, SAARC, and are in the contact group of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. It is only through this cooperation that international – and especially regional – sustainable growth, trade, transit, and development can be supported.

Mr. Chairman,

The work of the second committee this year will address essential global issues that bear not just on development, but on the environment, peace and stability. We are hopeful that he work of and cooperation within the Second Committee this year would be productive.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.