Wednesday, July 30, 2014

UN Security Council debate on Women, Peace and Security

Statement By H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations

At the Security Council debate on Women, Peace and Security

Mr. President,

Allow me to begin by congratulating you on your assumption of this month’s Presidency of the Council. I would also like to welcome your focus for this debate on the specific role played by women’s civil society organizations in conflict prevention, resolution and recovery. Thanks must also be extended Ms. Bachelet, and Mr. Ladsous for the expertise they provided through their briefings earlier today. I also thank the Secretary-General for his report on Women Peace and Security.

Mr. President,

Through its twelve years of existence, Security Council resolution 1325 and the subsequent related resolutions have been helpful tools, to not only bring to the attention of the international community the importance of the women, peace and security agenda but to strengthen women’s participation rather than simply branding them as victims. The Afghan Government remains committed to implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 in Afghanistan and its promotion worldwide.

Mr. President,

Afghanistan is designing a comprehensive plan toward implementing resolution 1325 through its National Action Plan for 1325 (NAP). The Government of Afghanistan is fully committed to implementing NAP, which will be a four-year plan focused on women, peace and security. We appreciate the generous support of the Government Finland for the drafting process.

We have established a steering committee comprised of seven line ministries, the Commissioner for Human Rights, and members of civil society, which meet under the chairmanship of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to effectively coordinate the implementation of NAP. In addition, we have established a technical working group at the Director General level from those line ministries and an advisory committee, which includes the UN offices in Kabul and international staff. The inclusion of UN partners has been invaluable in bringing together knowledge and expertise from post conflict countries to enable Afghan movement towards the greater implementation of NAP. We are looking forward to the support of UN Women for assisting the Afghan Government in the implementation of NAP for 1325.

Cooperation on the bilateral level has also played a significant role in ensuring that our architecture to implement 1325 is firmly in place through the provision of technical and financial support and we look forward to engaging with our bilateral partners through transition and beyond.

Mr. President,

The Secretary-General expressed concern in his report in regards to the slow global progress in women’s participation and representation in peace talks. The Afghan Government recognises the vital role that women have in the peaceful resolution of conflicts, and remains committed to including women’s rights throughout the peace process. Women are playing an important role in regards to the Afghan-led reconciliation, including through participation in the High Peace Council.

Mr. President,

We see a marked improvement in the position of women through a pronounced presence of women in political and social life. Currently, there are 69 female members of parliament, making up more than a quarter of the total number of parliamentarians. There are also encouraging signs for the future of women’s social participation. In 2001, 5,000 girls were enrolled in school in Afghanistan; now, according to figures from 2011, there are 2.7 million girls enrolled in schools across the country. Continued participation of young women in education will ensure not only a brighter future for them but also for Afghanistan as they become the police officers, government officials and leaders of the next generation.

Mr. President,

Additionally, we have ensured there are strong links between women in government and civil society groups to coordinate activities for more involvement of women at all levels. Our civil society has been vital helping Afghanistan rebuild itself from decades of conflict. Women’s civil society groups have been particularly crucial in acting as a united voice for Afghan women. An informal advisory group with the Afghan Government, women Parliamentarians, and Civil society members meet directly with President Karzai on a regular basis to discuss issues of women’s security, women in leadership, women’s rights, and cases of violence against women. The civil society organizations played a championing role in the drafting of the Elimination of Violence Against Women law enacted in 2009 and continuing support for the National Action Plan. Currently, a strong coalition of civil society groups have been focused on providing training on the legal and civil rights of women as well as the relevance of the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 to both men and women in provincial districts.

Mr. President,

Violent attacks against innocent Afghans – women, men, girls and boys -  in some parts of the country remains a threat to the overall peace and security of Afghanistan. Violence against women and girls in the country is unacceptable. The Government of Afghanistan and the international community must continue to address ongoing violence to bring much needed lasting peace to Afghanistan to provide a stable situation in which the human rights of all Afghans can be fully respected. To this end, with a focus on training and equipping the army, we have seen an encouraging growth in the number and capabilities of our security forces. This has included the participation of women in the Afghan National Army where they are serving in a variety of different capacities including highly technical roles such as pilots.

Women are also continuing to join the Afghan National Police despite receiving threats against their lives and discouragement, at time even from their own families. Having women participate in these capacities ensures that women in the community have trusted mentors within the ANA and ANP.

Mr. President,

The Government of Afghanistan looks forward to continued cooperation with the international community, to honour and implement resolution 1325 within Afghanistan and worldwide. Through resolution 1325 the international community made a commitment to the women, peace and security agenda, one that still requires our full attention and dedication.

I thank you

 

UN General Assembly Considers Situation in Afghanistan

H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the UN, addresses the General Assembly meeting on the situation in Afghanistan.

UN General Assembly Debates Afghanistan

General Assembly Resolution on “The Situation in Afghanistan”

Agenda Item 38

This Tuesday, 27 November, the UN General Assembly held a debate on its annual resolution on “The Situation in Afghanistan.” The resolution was adopted by consensus, reaffirming the body’s commitment to Afghanistan’s peace, stability, and prosperity and welcoming the phased security transition that has been mapped out between Afghanistan and the international community. Introducing the draft resolution was Ambassador Peter Wittig of Germany, who said, “the resolution sends, yet again, a positive signal of sustained support to Afghanistan, its Government and its people.”

 

H.E. Ambassador Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations, focused his statement on the current climate in Afghanistan, noting achievements such as the improvements to infrastructure, healthcare, and education, the advancement of women’s rights, economic growth, and the strengthening of the ANSF so that they will fulfill their commitment to protecting the Afghan people following the withdrawal of the International Security Assistance Force in 2014. He also touched on the upcoming elections in Afghanistan, the conferences that have been convened with regional and international partners, and the post-2014 military partnership with the United States.

 

“Afghanistan is approaching the end of a period, with the end of the existing framework of international military engagement and with all focus on transition to Afghan-led security, governance and development,” said H.E. Dr. Tanin. This transition includes the transfer of responsibilities from international to Afghan forces, but also requires a strong focus on “fair, free and democratic elections that can regenerate new energies for consolidating peace and stability.” Ultimately, the elections “should be seen in connection with the ongoing major effort aimed at bringing stability and an end to violence, that of a search for a political solution.”

 

Looking forward, Ambassador Tanin made it clear that, though some talk about a “coming disaster as the international forces leave,” this does not have to be. Though “the future of Afghanistan hangs on many ‘ifs’…it is our responsibility, together with the international community, to reduce uncertainties. We do not see the transition as a cliff that could be fallen from with just one false step.”

 

 

In total, the Assembly heard statements from Afghanistan, Germany, the European Union, the U.S., the United Kingdom, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic on behalf of the Shanghai Cooperation, and 16 others. All speakers highlighted the major points of the draft resolution, which noted the commitments made at the Bonn Conference, the Chicago Summit, the Tokyo Conference, and the Heart of Asia Kabul Ministerial Meeting, which redefined and reinvigorated the long-term partnership between the country and its regional and international partners.

 

The draft resolution was co-sponsored by 84 delegations, and adopted by consensus. The Resolution and corresponding Secretary-General’s Report on the Situation in Afghanistan are available as A/67/L.16 and A/67/354-S/2012/703 respectively.