Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee for the Fourth United Nations Conference on the least Developed Countries

Statement by M Wali Naeemi Minister Counsellor,

Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to the UN,

at the Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee for the Fourth United Nations Conference on the least Developed Countries,

New York,


Excellency Ambassador Jarmo Viinanen,

Chairman of the Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee:

Excellency Ambassador Cheick Sidi Diarra,

High Representative and the Secretary General of the Conference:

Excellencies:

Distinguished Delegates:

I would like to align my statement with the statements put forth by the distinguished representatives of Sudan on behalf of the G77 and China and Nepal on behalf of the Least Developed Countries.

On behalf of my delegation, I warmly congratulate you, Ambassador Viinanen, on your unanimous election as Chair of the Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee for the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to be held in May this year in Istanbul, Turkey. I would also like to congratulate the other members of the Bureau on their election. I assure you, Mr. Chairman, that my delegation will be constructively engaged throughout the intergovernmental negotiations and will extend full cooperation in order to ensure the successful outcome of the Conference.

I thank the High Representative and his team in OHRLLS for their continued support and hard work on the preparation of the Conference.

I also would like to thank the government of Turkey for generously hosting the 4th UN Conference on LDCs.

Mr. Chairman,

The LDCs represent the poorest countries in the world, which face severe and numerous challenges. Since the adoption of the Brussels Program of Action in 2001, progress has certainly been made, but it is becoming increasing clear that some LDCs, including Afghanistan, will be unable to reach the MDGs within the projected time frame of 2015. According to the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS), Afghanistan, an LDC, LLDC, and a post-conflict nation, has reassessed its situation and given the current context has designated 2020 as its target year to reach the MDGs.

Mr. Chair,

The Brussels Program of Action was adopted in 2001, and draws a comprehensive strategy for the LDCs to achieve the MDGs by 2015. Key challenges and constraints persist; the seven goals of BPoA have not yet been achieved. Going forward, we should focus on analysis of the main elements of existing challenges and constraints.

We all know that LDC-IV, which is taking place a decade after Brussels, will be dedicated to development issues of 49 LDCs; it is among the most important events in the year 2011. LDCs, particularly those emerging from conflicts have high expectations with a result-oriented outcome for this conference. The Conference will benefit and derive its sustenance from the strong political commitment of the international community.

It is equally important to note that the Conference is being held at a time when the international community continues to struggle with the impacts of economic and financial, as well as food and fuel crises, and climate change.

It is well-documented that LDCs, particularly countries emerging from conflicts, continue to face structural constraints and extreme vulnerability. While some progress has been achieved in some areas over the years, progress has been slow and uneven and whatever has been achieved is now reversed as a result of the combined effects of all these crises.  LDCs also starkly lag behind in meeting the internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration. Despite their best efforts and support from the international community, LDCs continue to get caught in the vicious trap of poverty and hunger.

LDC–IV needs to be seen in this wider perspective. We have stressed earlier and I will reiterate here today the LDC’s overall approach to the Conference:

Ø  Istanbul should produce an outcome that is ambitious, comprehensive, forward-looking and result-oriented so that desired socio-economic transformation is achieved in LDCs in the next decade, enabling them to graduate from the LDC status. The progress that they will make has to be sustainable and comprehensive to have a desired impact on reducing poverty and accelerating economic growth. Past experiences amply demonstrate that the ‘business-as-usual-approach’ will not yield substantial results. What is required is an enhanced, effective and consolidated package of international support measures in line with GA resolution 63/227. We want an Action Agenda that is implemented in its entirety with stronger results on the ground. The Istanbul outcome should have a robust mechanism for monitoring and follow up of the implementation of the next Programme of Action with a clearly defined and shared accountability of LDCs and their development partners.

Finally, as mentioned in by previous speakers, in view of limited time available from now until Istanbul, the preparatory process must be expeditiously and intensely conducted in a constructive manner with the involvement of all stakeholders.

Thank you!

General Assembly Resolutions

General Assembly ResolutionsResolution No.
66th Session - 2011
The situation in Afghanistan A/66/369
65th Session - 2010
The situation in Afghanistan A/RES/65/8
64th Session-2009
The situation in Afghanistan A/RES/64/11
63nd Session - 2008
The situation in AfghanistanA/RES/63/18
62nd Session - 2007
The situation in AfghanistanA/RES/62/6
61st Session - 2006
The situation in AfghanistanA/RES/61/18
60th Session - 2005
Providing support to Afghanistan with a view to ensuring effective implementation of its Counter-Narcotic Implementation Plan
A/RES/60/179
The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security B. Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan
A/RES/60/32 A-B
59th Session - 2004
Providing support to the Government of Afghanistan in its efforts to eliminate illicit opium and foster stability and security in the regionA/RES/59/161
Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan and the situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security A: The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security B: Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken AfghanistanA/RES/59/112 A-B
Providing support to the Government of Afghanistan in its efforts to eliminate illicit opium and foster stability and security in the regionA/RES/59/161
58th Session - 2003
Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan and the situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and securityA/RES/58/27 A-B
57th Session - 2002Resolution No.
Question of human rights in AfghanistanA/RES/57/234
Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan and the situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security A: The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security B: Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken AfghanistanA/RES/57/113 A-B
Open-ended panel of the General Assembly on "Afghanistan: one year later"A/RES/57/8
56th Session - 2001
Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken AfghanistanA/RES/56/220B
The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and securityA/RES/56/220A
Question of human rights in AfghanistanA/RES/56/176

ECOSOC Resolutions

ECOSOC ResolutionsDateResolutions
2008
Provision of international assistance to the most affected States neighbouring Afghanistan24 July 20082008/27
2007
Support to the counter-narcotic measures and programmes of Afghanistan25 July 20072007/11
2006
Situation of women and girls in Afghanistan25 July 20062006/7
Support for the National Drug Control Strategy of the Government of Afghanistan27 July 20062006/32
2005
Situation of women and girls in Afghanistan21 July 20052005/8
Providing support to Afghanistan with a view to ensuring effective implementation of its Counter-Narcotic Implementation Plan22 July 20052005/24
2004
Social and human rights questions: Advancement of women (14(a))21 July 20042004/10
Providing support to the Government of Afghanistan in its efforts to eliminate illicit opium and foster stability and security in the region21 July 20042004/37
2003
Social and human rights questions: Advancement of women (14(a))22 July 20032003/43
2002
Situation of women and girls in Afghanistan24 July 20022002/4
2001
Discrimination against women and girls in Afghanistan24 July 20012001/3